北京十一选五开奖结果 www.frdg.net Brief information The background
4 stages of the war The results and influence
The Hundred Year’s War
Time : from 1337 to 1453 (116 years) Place: The France and its lowland Participants: The Kingdom of England
The Kingdom of France subsequent joining of Burgundy Result : France got the final victory Main leader: Harry VI and The Jeanne d Are Influence: ? France recaptured its territories ? the development of new tactics and weapons ?have a significant impact for the formation of modern national State
The hundred year’s war
The medieval age
William ……. Henry Ⅱ Richard Ⅰ
Consolidate the feudalism
Henry Ⅱ the United Kingdom's ruler France's subjects(国民）
Louis VII the French King
did not meet any obligations as France nobles tried every way to fight against Henry, regained the territory belonging to France
Reasons for the outbreak of war
In 1328, Philip VI inherited the throne. King Edward III fought the succession. France occupied Flanders region, King Edward III was banned to the wool exports.
the richest part of Europe. Particularly in wool textile technology Edward III
got rid of the rule of France King and seek freedom
wanted the United Kingdom to help them against France United Kingdom (lion)would be regarded as France's (lily)ruler, France King was very angry. the wars were broke up between United Kingdom and France finally
The first stage(1337-1360)
? November 1337:Edward III leaded the military to attack France, the war began. ? 1337-1360 :England and France fought for Flanders and Keane(基恩）. ? 1340 Battle of Sluys (斯鲁伊斯海战) ? 1346 Battle of Cré cy(克雷西会战） ? 1348,stopped battling for 10 years because of the black death ? 1356,England invaded France again, the king of France was caught by Black Prince Edward ? 1360,France was forced to sign the Treaty of Bré tigny(布勒丁尼合约)
The black death
Treaty of Brétigny
1.the England emperor gave up the right of inheritance(纪承权) of the French emperor
2.France gave lots of French territories to England 3.France must pay for a great deal of money to ransomed(赎回) Jéan II.
Black Prince Edward
The second stage(1364-1396）
? 1364, the Charlie V went to the throne. For recapturing the land lost, he reformed a lot ? 1369,Charlie V attacked England for some times Bertrand du Gai Kelan is the leader of military. used flexible tactics successfully in Montiel Battle (蒙铁儿战役)
? 1396, The king of The united kingdom signed a 20-year armistice treaty (二十年停战协定) with France. England only kept down a few territories.(half of the former)
The third stage(1415-1429)
? Agincourt Battle（阿金库尔战役） ? In 1415,France was under domestic contradiction England seized the opportunity(乘机)to invade France again . ? In 1420, Charlie Ⅵ signed Treaty of Troyes (特鲁瓦条约) ? In October,1428,England invaded Orléans(奥尔良),French people raised guerrillas(游击队) to fight against the invaders. The war had become a national liberation movement(民族解放运
The forth stage(1429-1453)
? Jeanne d'Arc(圣女贞德) led the French army to defeat the invaders,and got lots of victories . ? In 1558,France recaptured Calais(加莱）,which was the last point of England in Continental Europe(欧 洲大陆). ? Until this moment,Hundred Years Wars ended,and France got the final victory.
? militarist(军事家）saint(圣女） a symbol of freedom. ? When she was just 17 years old,she led the army to fight against the invaders.Under her lead,France recaptured most of territoris,settling the base of final victory. ? On 30th May,1431,Jeanne d‘Arc was bound to the stake and burnt to death,when she was just 19 years old.
Jeanne was caught Before the punishment
The results and influence
(锁子甲） was replaced by
? Gunpowder (火药）and cannon(火炮）played significant roles as early as 1375. ? The last battle of the war, was the first battle in European history in which artillery(大炮） was the deciding factor.
The results and influence
? disastrous (economy ) poverty.
? Two separate nations were born after the war. The war helped to develop English national identity as well as French national identity.
? Both of the countries became the centralized countries because of the need of the hundred years’ war, which was beneficial for their future development.