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    天津快乐十分走势图:电厂常用术语中英文对照

    北京十一选五开奖结果 www.frdg.net 电力术语中英文对照
    目 录

    一、集控运行常用设备和术语缩写............................................................................................... 2 (一)锅炉部分....................................................................................................................... 2 (二)汽机部分....................................................................................................................... 4 (三)DEH 部分 ..................................................................................................................... 5 (四)电气部分....................................................................................................................... 6 (五)系统分类....................................................................................................................... 6 (六)阀门............................................................................................................................... 7 (七)其它............................................................................................................................... 8 二、电厂术语——锅炉部分......................................................................................................... 10 三、电厂术语——汽轮机部分..................................................................................................... 27 四、电厂术语——电气专业......................................................................................................... 59 五、电厂术语——电厂化学......................................................................................................... 87 六、电厂术语——仪表与控制................................................................................................... 106 七、电厂术语——燃料............................................................................................................... 126 八、电厂术语——综合管理部分............................................................................................... 136 九、电厂术语——脱硫............................................................................................................... 165

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    一、集控运行常用设备和术语缩写
    (一)锅炉部分 1、通用及煤粉炉 FDF (forced draft fan)——送风机 IDF (induced draft fan)——引风机 PAF (primary air fan)——一次风机 SAF (seal air fan)——密封风机 DETF (flame detector fan)——火检风机 APH (air preheater)——空气预热器 DRUM (drum)——汽包 ECON (economizer)——省煤器 SH (superheater)——过热器 CSH (ceiling superheater)——顶棚过热器 PSH (platen superheater)——屏式过热器 RSH (radiation superheater)——辐射过热器 LSH (low temperature superheater)——低温过热器 HSH (high temperature superheater)——高温过热器 RH (reheater) ——再热器 LRH (low temperature reheater)——低温再热器 HRH (high temperature reheater)——高温再热器 PRH (platen temperature reheater)——屏式再热器 CB (coal bin)——煤仓
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    SCB(side coal bin)——侧煤仓 MILL (mill)——磨煤机 FEED (coal feeder)——给煤机 PCC (pulverized-coal collector)——细粉分离器 MILLS (mill separator)——粗粉分离器 PEF (powder exhaust fan)——排粉风机 PCF(pulverized coal feeder)——给粉机 HPA (heat primary air )——热一次风 CPA (cold primary air )——冷一次风 SECA (secondary air)——二次风 TA (tertiary air)——三次风 SA (seal air)——密封风 AR (air register)——风门 OILP (oil pistol)——油枪 IGNT (ignition) ——点火枪 FULP (fuel pump)——燃油泵 FLTK (flash tank)——扩容器 FURN(furnace) ——煤粉炉炉膛 2、流化床锅炉 HPCB(high-pressure centrifugal blower)——高压流化风机 CFBB(Circulating Fluidized-bed Boiler)——循环流化床炉膛 CYCS(cyclone separator)——旋风分离器
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    UBF(U-type back-feeder) ——U 形返料器 ASHC(ash cooler) ——冷渣器 3、余热锅炉 CVB(convection bank) ——对流管束 SWS(steam/water separator) ——汽水分离器 WJP(Water jet pump)——射水泵 WH(water heater) ——热水器 EVP(evaporator) ——蒸发器 OEJ(oil ejector)——注油器 OFT(oil filter)——滤油器 OCL(oil cooler)——冷油器 窑头余热锅炉 AQCB(此处 AQC 指 air quenching cooler,为篦冷机, 不是窑头的意思,但行业习惯称窑头余热炉为 AQC 炉) 窑尾余热锅炉 SPB(此处 SP 指 suspension preheater,为悬浮预热器, 不是窑尾的意思,但行业习惯称窑尾余热炉为 SP 炉) (二)汽机部分 HP (high pressure cylinder) ——高压缸 IP (intermediate pressure cylinder) ——中压缸 LP (low pressure cylinder) ——低压缸 DEA (deaerator) ——除氧器 COND (condenser) ——凝汽器 HPH (high pressure heater) ——高压加热器
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    LPH (low pressure heater) ——低压加热器 SSH (shaft seal heater) ——轴封加热器 MFP (motor-driven feed pump) ——电动给水泵 SFP (steam feed pump) ——汽动给水泵 VACP (vacuum pump) ——真空泵 CEP (Condensate extraction pump) ——凝结水泵 DRNP (drain pump) ——疏水泵 CIRP (circulating pump) ——循环泵 LIFTP (lift pump) ——顶轴油泵 LUBOP (lubricating oil pump) ——润滑油泵 DCOP——直流润滑油泵 ACOP——交流润滑油泵 HPOP——高压启动油泵 MAINOP——主油泵 EHP——EH 油泵 OTANK (oil tank) ——油箱 WTANK (water tank) ——水箱 HEADER——联箱 SSF (shaft seal fan) ——轴封风机 IFF (induced-fume fan) ——排烟风机 AIRCMP(air compressing engine) ——空气压缩机 (三)DEH 部分
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    TV——高压缸主汽门 GV——高压缸调节门 RV——中压缸主汽门 IV——中压缸调节门 LV——低压缸调节门 (四)电气部分 GEN (generator) ——发电机 XFORM (transformer) ——变压器 BUS (bus bar) ——母线 BRK (circuit breaker) ——断路器 SWITCH (isolating switch) ——隔离开关 EXCT (exciter) ——励磁机 PEXCT (pilot exciter) ——副励磁机 (五)系统分类 feed water system ——给水系统 water-steam system ——汽水系统 desuperheater system ——减温水系统 combustion system ——燃烧系统 extraction steam system ——抽汽系统 heat supply system ——热网系统 lubricating oil system——润滑油系统 fuel oil system——燃油系统
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    soot blower system——吹灰系统 ignition system——点火系统 powder manufacturing system——制粉系统 drain system——疏水系统 wind-fume system——风烟系统 blowdown system——排污系统 condensate system——凝结水系统 deaerator system——除氧器系统 turbine body——汽轮机本体 by-pass system——旁路系统 cooling water system——冷却水系统 circulation water system——循环水系统 vacuum system——真空系统 (六)阀门 shutoff valve——截止阀 check valve——单向阀 motorized valve——电动阀 magnetic valve——电磁阀 pneumatic positioner valve——气动阀 flapper valve——挡板阀 steam converter valve——减温减压阀 fast valve——快关阀
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    blow down valve——吹扫阀 blow down valve——排污阀 (七)其它 CCS(coordinated control system) ——协调控制系统 SIS(supervision & information system) ——监控信息系统 MIS(management information system) ——管理信息系统 BF(MODE)(borler follow mode) ——锅炉跟随方式 TF(MODE)(turbine follow mode) ——汽轮机跟随方式 CCS(MODE)(coordinated control mode) ——协调控制方式 Manual Mode——手动方式 BASE MODE——基本(手动)方式 ULD(unit load demand) ——机组负荷指令 ADS(automatic dispatch system) ——自动调度系统 UM(unit master) ——单元机组主控制器 BM&TM(boiler master & turbine master) ——锅炉主控制器和汽轮机 主控制器 BCS(boiler control system) ——锅炉控制系统 TCS(turbine control system) ——汽轮机控制系统 RB(run back) ——负荷返回 RD(run down) ——强迫降负荷(迫降负荷) RU(run up) ——强迫升负荷(迫升负荷) FCB(fast cut back) ——快速减负荷
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    AGC(automatic generation control) ——自动发电控制 MFT(master fuel trip) ——主燃料跳闸 CP MODE(constan pressure mode) ——定压方式 VP MODE(variable pressure mode) ——滑压方式 MCR(maximum continuous rating) ——最大连续出力 ECR(economic continuous rating)——经济连续出力 B-MCR(boiler maximum continuous rating) ——锅炉最大连续出力 T-MCR(turbine maximum continuous rating) ——汽轮机最大连续出力 MCS(modulating control system) ——模拟量控制系统 FSSS(furnace safeguard supervisory system) ——炉膛安全监控系统 BMS(burner management system) ——燃烧器管理系统 SCS(sequential control system) ——顺序控制系统 ECS(electric control system) ——电气控制系统 DEH(digital electric-hydraulic control system) ——数字电液控制系统 OPC(over speed control) ——超速控制 AST(autostop trip) ——自动?;诙?ETS(emergence trip systems) ——危急遮断系统 ATC(automatic turbine control) ——自动汽轮机程序控制 TSI(turbine supervisory instrumentation) ——汽轮机监视系统 PLC(programmable logic controller) ——可编程逻辑控制器 SCR(selective catalytic reduction)——选择性催化还原法
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    二、电厂术语——锅炉部分
    1.临界压力锅炉 supercritical pressure boiler 2. 亚临界压力锅炉 subcritical pressure boiler 3. 超高压锅炉 super-high pressure boiler 4. 蒸汽锅炉 steam boiler 5. 蒸汽发生器 steam generator 6. 液态排渣锅炉 wet bottom boiler 7. 固态排渣锅炉 dry bottom boiler 8. 燃煤锅炉 coal-fired boiler 9. 燃气锅炉 Gas-fired boiler 10.燃油锅炉 oil-fired boiler 11.自然循环锅炉 natural circulation boiler 12.汽包(锅筒)锅炉 drum boiler 13.强制循环锅炉 controlled circulation boiler 14.直流锅炉 once-through boiler 15.复合循环锅炉 combined circulation boiler 16.旋风炉 cyclone furnace boiler 17.沸腾炉 fluidized bed combustion(FBC)boiler 18.循环硫化床 circulating fluidized bed combustion(FBC)boiler 19. 增 压 循 环 硫 化 床 锅 炉 combustion(PCFBC) boiler
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    pressurized circulating fluidized bed

    20.链条锅炉 chain-grate boiler 21.热水锅炉 hot-water boiler 22. 废 热 ( 余 热 ) 锅 炉 generator(HRSG) 23.启动锅炉 start-up boiler 24.厂用锅炉 auxiliary boiler 25.垃圾焚烧锅炉 refuse-fired boiler, refuse incinerator 27.露天锅炉 outdoor boiler 28.单炉膛锅炉 single furnace boiler 29.双炉膛锅炉 twin furnace boiler 30.W 火焰锅炉 W-flame boiler, vertical-fired boiler 31.L 火焰锅炉 L-shape furnace boiler 32.塔式锅炉 tower boiler 33.箱式锅炉 box-type boiler 34.炉墙 furnace wall 35. 汽包(锅筒) drum 36.封头 head 37.汽包封头 drum end plate, drum head 38.下降管 downcomer 39.集中下降管 centralized downcomer 40.分散下降管 distributed downcomer 41.上升管 riser
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    water-heat boiler, heat recover steam

    42.管束(排) tube bundle 43.管屏 tube platen 44.省煤器管 economizer tube 45.过热器管 superheated tube 46.再热器管 reheater tube 47.蛇形管 coil 48.吊挂管 supporting tube 49.引入管 inlet pipe 50.引出管 outlet pipe 51.饱和蒸汽管 saturated steam pipe 52.水冷壁管 water wall tube 53.鳍片管 finned tube, fin tube, gilled tube 54.内螺纹管 rifled tube, grooved tube 55.吸潮管 moisture absorption piping 56.水冷壁 water wall 57.膜式水冷壁 membrane wall 58.内螺纹水冷壁 rifled tube water wall 59.联箱 header 60.集汽联箱 steam header 61.卫燃带 bailey wall, refractory belt 62 包墙管(包覆管) wall enclosure tube 63.防渣管(弗斯顿管) slag screen, feston tube
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    64.锅炉本体 boiler proper 65.锅炉机组 boiler unit 66.锅炉构架 boiler structure 67.炉膛 boiler framework 68.燃烧器 furnace 69.直流式燃烧器 direct-flow burner 70.旋流式燃烧器 turbulent burner 71.低 NOX 燃烧器 low NOX burner 72.摇摆式燃烧器 tilting burner 73.缝隙式燃烧器 split burner 74.燃烧室 combustion chamber 75.油枪 oil gun torch 76.风门 damper 77.一次风 primary air 78.二次风 secondary air 79.三次风 tertiary air 80.煤粉管道 pulverized coal piping 81.管板 tube plate 82.沸点 boiling temperature 83.过热器 superheater 84.前屏过热器 front platen superheater 85.后屏过热器 rear plate superheater
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    86.对流过热器 convection superheater 87.辐射过热器 radiant superheater 88.屏式过热器 plate superheater 89.顶棚过热器 ceiling superheater 90.包墙过热器 wall enclosure superheater 91.前包墙过热器 front wall enclosure superheater 92.后包墙过热器 rear wall enclosure superheater 93.侧包墙过热器 side wall enclosure superheater 94.吹灰器 soot blower 95.转动式吹灰器 rotary soot bolwer 96.伸缩式吹灰器 retractable soot blower 97.受热面积 heating surface area, heat absorption area 98.炉膛容积 furnace volume 99.炉膛热负荷 furnace heat release rate, furnace heating absorption rate 100.汽水分离器 steam separator, moisture separator 101.起动分离器 starting separator 102.再循环管 recirculating piping 103.暖风器 steam air heater 104.再热器 reheater 105.再热器冷段 primary reheater 106.再热器热段 final reheater 107.顶棚 ceiling
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    108.省煤器 economizer 109.管式省煤器 tube economizer 110.管式空气预热器 tubular air preheater 111.回转式(再生式)空气预热器 regenerative air preheater, rotary air preheater 112.板式空气预热器 plate air preheater 113.空气预热器 air preheater 114.三分仓空气预热器 trisector regenerative air preheater 115.漏风系数 air leakage coefficient 116.漏风率 air leakage ratio 117.漏风系统 air leakage system 118.漏风试验 air leakage test 119.安全门 safety valve 120.安全门开启压力 opening pressure of safety valve 121.安全门回座压力 safety valve reseating pressure 122.安全门压力整定试验 pressure setting test of safety valve 123.安全门动作压力 safety valve operating pressure 124.饱和蒸汽安全门 saturated steam safety valve 125. 过热蒸汽安全门 superheated steam safety valve 126.再热蒸汽安全门 reheated steam safety valve 127.防暴门 explosion vent 128.检查孔 inspection hole
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    129.事故喷水阀 emergency water spray valve 130.汽包事故放水阀 emergency drum drain valve 131.三通阀 three-way valve 132.反冲洗阀 back wash valve 133.取样阀 sampling valve 134.插板 gate 135.给水大旁路门 feedwater overall bypass valve 136.给水小旁路门 feedwater individual bypass valve 137.大板梁 plate girder, upper beam 138.外护板 outer casing 139.锅炉排污 blowdown 140.定期排污扩容器 intermittent blowdown flash tank 141.连续排污扩容器 continuous blowdown flash tank 142.灰斗 ash hopper 143.冷灰斗 bottom ash hopper, furnace hopper 144.混合器 mixer 145.齿圈(大牙轮) ring gear, geared ring 146.空调器 air conditioner 147.空气压缩机 air compressor 148.给煤机 coal feeder 149.皮带式给煤机 belt coal feeder 150.刮板式给煤机 scraper coal feeder
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    151.叶轮式给煤机 paddle coal feeder 152.给粉机 pulverizer coal feeder 153.磨煤机 coal pulverizer, coal mill 154.钢球磨煤机 tube mill 155.中速辊式磨煤机 roller mill, bowl mill, disk roll mill 156.双进双出钢求磨煤机 double inlet and outlet tube mill 157.中速磨煤机 medium speed mill 158.风扇磨煤机 beater wheel mill, beater mill 159.排粉风机 pulverized coal exhauster 160.一次风机 primary air fan 161. 烟气再循环风机 gas recirculation fan 162.送风机 forced draft fan, force fan 163.引风机 induced draft fan, induced fan 164.离心风机 centrifugal fan 165.轴流风机 axial-flow fan 166.双速风机 double speed fan 167.轴流静叶可调风机 adjustable static-blade axial-flow fan fixed pitch axial-flow fan 168.轴流动叶可调风机 adjustable moving-blade axial-flow fan variable pitch axial-flow fan 169.原煤斗 raw coal bunker, raw coal silo 170.煤粉仓 pulverized coal bunker
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    171.输粉机 pulverized coal conveyer 172.刮板输粉机 scraper pulverized coal conveyer 173.螺旋输粉机 pulverized coal screw conveyer 174.粗粉分离器 classifier 175.细粉分离器(旋风分离器) cyclone separator 176.锁气器 air lock, flap 177.减速机 speed reduce 178.看火孔 observation hole 179.人孔门 man hole 180.重油泵 heavy oil pump 181.重油加热器 heavy oil heater 182.汽-汽热交换器 biflux 183.煤气罐 gas tank 184.膨胀补偿节 expansion joint 185.直吹式制粉系统 direct firing pulverizing system 186.中贮式制粉系统 bin storage type pulverizing system 187.锅炉效率 boiler efficiency 188.锅炉热力计算 boiler thermodynamic calculation 189.锅炉空气动力计算 boiler aerodynamic calculation 190.锅炉水循环计算 boiler water circulation calculation 191.锅炉水力计算 boiler hydrodynamic calculation 192.锅炉强度计算 boiler strength calculation
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    193.锅炉热平衡 boiler heat balance calculation 194.正平衡法 direct balance method 195.反平衡法 indirect balance method 196.过??掌凳?excess air coefficient 197.排烟温度 flue gas temperature 198.单位蒸量 specific evaporation 199.低温腐蚀 low temperature corrosion 200.高温腐蚀 high temperature corrosion 201.结渣 lagging 202.结垢腐蚀 deposit corrosion 203.飞灰磨损 fly ash erosion 204 炉膛负压 furnace draft 205.最高允许温度 maximum permissible temperature 206.炉膛正压 furnace pressure 207.水循环 water circulation 208.循环倍率 circulation ratio 209.除尘器 dust collector, precipitator 210.静电除尘器 electrostatic precipitator 211.整流装置 rectifying device 212.锤打装置 rapping gear 213.含尘浓度 dust loading concentration 214.煤灰细度 dust fineness
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    215.除尘效率 dust collection efficiency 216.干式除尘器 dry dust collector 217.湿式除尘器 wet dust collector, scrubber 218.文丘里除尘器 venture scrubber 219.布袋除尘器 fabric filter, bag house 220.钢珠除尘装置 shot-cleaning device 221.水膜式除尘器 centrifugal scrubber 222.灰渣泵 ash pump, slag pump 223.轴封泵 shaft sealing pump 224.灰浆泵 ash slurry pump 225.除尘水泵 dedusting pump 226.回收水池 water recovery pond 227.清水池 clean water pond 228.灰浆池 ash slurry pond 229.油泵坑 oil pump pit 230.灰库 ash silo 231.灰场 ash yard 232.灰坝 ash yard dam 233.耐火砖 firebrick 234.保温材料 heat-insulating material 235.干式除灰(气力除灰) pneumatic pressure ash handling 236.水力除灰 hydraulic ash handling
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    237.正压气力除灰 pneumatic pressure ash handling 238.负压气力除灰 pneumatic pressure ash handling 239.仓式泵 fluidizing transporter 240.空气斜槽 airslide, air gravity conveyor 241.灰渣分除 bottom and fly ash separate handling 242.灰渣混除 bottom and fly ash mixed handling 243.灰渣利用 bottom and fly ash recovery 244.排渣槽 bottom ash hopper 245.埋刮板捞渣机 submerged slag conveyor 246.螺旋式捞渣机 screw slag conveyor 247.碎渣机 clinker grinder, slag crusher 248.振动筛 vibrating screen 249.稳燃器 flame stabiliaer 250.燃烧器蜗壳 burner spiral case 251.雾化器 atomization 252.机械雾化 mechanical atomization 253.蒸汽雾化 steam atomization 254.空气雾化 air atomization 255.气固两相流动 gas-solid two-phase flow 256.闭路循环 closed cycle 257.蒸汽带水 carryoery 258.炉膛灭火 boiler flame failure, boiler flame blackout
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    259.稳定燃烧 stable combustion 260.压力容器 pressure vessel 261.支吊架 supports and hangers 262.原煤管道 raw coal piping 263.风道 air duct 264.热风道 hot air duct 265.冷风道 cold air duct 266.穿墙套管 wall-through bushing, wall-bushing 267.伸缩节 expansion joint 268.送粉管道 pulverized coal feed piping 269.燃油管道 fuel oil piping 270.风管道 air piping 271.一次风管道 primary air piping 272.二次风管道 secondary air piping 273.落粉管 pulverized coal chute 274.除灰管道 ash piping 275.烟道 gas dust, gas pass 276.尾部烟道 convection flue gas pass 277.煤气管 gas piping 278.连续排污管 continuous blowdown piping 279.烟囱 chimney, stack 280.多管式烟囱 multi-flue chimney
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    281.燃烧 combustion 282.四角喷射燃烧 corner firing 283.燃烧速度 combustion rate 284.机械未完全燃烧热损失 heat loss due to mechanical incomplete combustion 285 化学未完全燃烧热损失 heat loss due to chemical incomplete combustion 286.灰渣热损失 heat loss due to sensible heat in refuse 287.排烟热损失 heat loss due to flue gas 288.散热损失 heat loss due to radiation 289.热损失 heat loss 290.火焰 flame 291.不稳定燃烧 instable combustion 292.负压燃烧 balance draft combustion 293.微负压燃烧 pressurized combustion 294.炉膛容积热负荷 furnace volume heat release rate 295.炉膛温度 furnace temperature 296.锅炉水循环 boiler water circulation 297.偏离泡核沸腾 departure from nucleate boiling(DNB) 298.水压试验 hydraulic test 299.汽水共沸 priming 300.点火 ignition
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    301.点火准备 ignition preparation 302.着火点 firing point, ignition temperature 303.折焰角 nose 304.飞灰 fly ash 305.煤粉细度 fineness of pulverized coal 306.灰 ash 307.灰的熔化点 ash fushion temperature, ash fushion point, ash melting point 308.可磨系数 grindability index 309.最大蒸发量 maximum evaporation 310.锅炉热平衡 boiler heat balance 311.超负荷运行 overload operation 312.正压 positive pressure 313.负压 negative pressure 314.理论空气量 theoretical air quantity 315.过??掌?excess air quantity 316.冷风 cold air 317.热风 hot air 318.除渣 slag removal 319.烟气 flue gas 320.锅炉上水 boiler water filling 321.蠕胀爆管 tube burst due to creep
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    322.汽包满水 overfeed of water into drum 323.锅炉灭火 boiler fire extinction 324.爆燃 puff 325.爆炸(外爆) explosion 326.内爆 implosion 327.防爆 anti-explosion 328.煤粉自燃 pulverized coal self-ignition, pulverized coal spontaneous combustion 329.堵灰 ash fouling 330.堵煤 coal jamming, coal plugging 331.燃烧切圆 firing tangential circle 332.火焰中心 flame center 333.积粉 pulverized coal deposits 334.粉灰 ash deposits 335.飞灰可燃物 combustibles in fly ash 336.点火用油 fuel oil for ignition 337.飞灰腐蚀 fly ash corrosion 338.受热面 heating surface 339.辐射受热面 radiation heating surface 340.对流受热面 convection heating surface 341.尾部受热面 rear heat recovery surface 342.含氧量 oxygen content
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    343.蒸发量 evaporation, evaporative capacity 344.切换风 air switch-over 345.煤耗率 coal consumption rate 346.入炉煤发热量 heating value of the as fired coal 347.停炉 boiler shutdown 348.熄火 fire-off 349.灰水回收 recovery of ash slurry water 350.细灰 fine ash 351.粗灰 coarse ash 352.干灰 dry ash 353.湿灰 wet ash 354.燃烧系数 combustion system, firing system 355.制粉系统 coal pulverizing system 356.除灰系统 ash handling system

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    三、电厂术语——汽轮机部分
    357.汽轮机 steam turbine 358.凝汽式汽轮机 condensing steam turbine 359.背压式汽轮机 back pressure turbine 360.抽汽式汽轮机 steam extraction turbine 361.中间再热式汽轮机 reheating type steam turbine 362. 供 热 式 汽 轮 机 cogeneration turbine 363.冲动式汽轮机 impulse turbine 364.反动式汽轮机 reaction turbine 365.轴流式汽轮机 axial flow turbine 366.辐流式汽轮机 radial flow turbine 367.单轴汽轮机 tandem compound turbine, single-shaft turbine 368.双轴汽轮机 double-shaft turbine, cross compound turbine 369.前置式汽轮机 topping turbine 370.燃气轮机 gas turbine 371.高压汽轮机 high pressure turbine 372.中压汽轮机 medium pressure turbine 373.低压汽轮机 low pressure turbine 374.超高压汽轮机 ultra pressure turbine 375.亚临界压力汽轮机 subcritical pressure turbine
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    steam supply turbine, heat supply turbine,

    376.超临界压力汽轮机 supercritical pressure turbine 377.空冷式汽轮机组 air cooled turbine unit 378.燃气轮机组(装置) gas turbine unit 379.高压汽缸 high-pressure(HP) cylinder 380.中压汽缸 intermediate-pressure(IP) cylinder 381.低压汽缸 low-pressure(LP) cylinder 382.内汽缸 inner casing 383.外汽缸 outer casing 384.上汽缸 upper casing 385.下汽缸 lower casing 386.汽缸法兰螺栓加热装置 cylinder flange heating appliance 387.汽缸台板(底板) cylinder sole pin 388.汽缸猫爪 cylinder claw 389.滑销 sliding pin 390.横销 traverse pin 391.纵销 longitudinal pin 392.立销 vertical pin 393.定位销 aligning pin, locating pin 394.汽轮机转子 turbine rotor 395.叶轮 blade disc 396.叶片 blade, bucket 397.动叶片 moving blade
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    398.静叶片 stationary blade 399.叶根型式 type of blade root 400.末级叶片长度 length of last stage blade 401.喷嘴室 nozzle box 402.末级叶片强度 last stage blade stress 403.排汽室 steam exhaust hood 404.喷嘴 nozzle 405.围带 shroud ring 406.拉筋(拉金) lacing wire 407.平衡块 balance weight 408.固定螺钉 dowel 409.隔板 diaphragm 410.隔板套 diaphragm sleeve 411.隔板汽封 diaphragm seal, diaphragm sealing 412.汽封 steam seal gland, steam sealing 413.迷宫式汽封 labyrinth seal 414.梳齿式汽封 serrate-type steam seal 415.汽封套 seal bushing 416.汽封块 seal block 417.汽封齿 seal tooth 418.轴承支架 bearing stoll, bearing bracket 419.主轴承箱 main bearing box
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    420.滚珠轴承 ball bearing 421.滚柱轴承 roller bearing 422.滑动轴承 sliding bearing 423.推力轴承 thrust bearing 424.止推环 thrust collar 425.瓦枕 bearing pillow 426.锁饼 lock 427.推力瓦块 thrust bearing pad 428.主油泵 main oil pump 429.备用油泵 emergency bearing oil pump 430.调速油泵 regulation oil pump, speed governing oil pump 431.交流润滑油泵 AC lube oil pump 432.直流润滑油泵 DC lube oil pump 433.注油器 oil injector 434.同步器 synchronizer 435.同步器手轮 synchronizer hand wheel 436.控制滑阀 pilot valve 437.随动滑阀 servo-valve 438.分配滑阀 distributing pilot valve, distributor valve 439.中间滑阀 intermediate valve 440.微分器 differentiator 441.功率限制器 load limiter
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    442.动态校正器 dynamic corrector 443.滑阀套 valve sleeve 444.喷油嘴 oil nozzle 445.弹性调速器 flexible governor 446.调速器挡块 governor stop 447.危急遮断器滑阀 emergency trip pilot valve 448.撞击子 ram 449.防火滑阀 fire protection pilot valve 450.延滞滑阀 delay pilot valve 451.跟踪滑阀 follow-up pilot valve 452. 电 - 液 转 换 器 transducer 453.切换滑阀 change-over pilot valve 454.危急保安器 emergency governor 455.危急保安器滑阀 emergency governor pilot valve 456.超速试验滑阀 overspeed test pilot valve 457.喷油试验滑阀 nozzle test pilot valve 458.反馈滑阀 feedback pilot valve 459.起动排油阀 oil drain valve at star-up 460.紧急放油阀 emergency oil relieve valve 461.排油口 oil diacharge outlet 462.节流滑阀 throttle pilot valve
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    electro-hydraulic converter, electro-hydraulic

    463.滑动油阀 movable pilot valve 464.高压自动关闭器 high-pressure automatic closing gear 465.中压自动关闭器 medium pressure automatic closing gear 466. 高压油动机(高压伺服马达) high-pressure hydraulic actuator, high-pressure servo-motor 467.中压油动机 medium-pressure hydraulic actuator, medium-pressure servo-motor 468.杠杆 lever 469.轴 shaft 470.主轴 main shaft 471.传动轴(主动轴) driven shaft 472.被动轴(从动轴) driven shaft 473.小轴 axle 474.联轴器 coupling 475.刚性联轴器 rigid coupling 476.半挠性联轴器 semi-flexible coupling 477.齿型联轴器 serrated coupling 478.冷油器 oil cooler 479.溢油器 oil overflow valve 480.排油烟机 oil-fume extractor, oil fume exhaust 481.油烟分离器 oil-fume separator 482.油净化器 oil purifier, oil conditioner
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    483.过滤罐 filtering tank 484.布袋式过滤器 bag filter, fabric filter 485.齿轮油泵 gear oil pump 486.顶轴油泵 jacking oil pump 487.柱塞式油泵 piston type oil pump 488.螺杆式油泵 worm type oil pump 489.盘车装置 turning gear 490.盘车手轮 turning gear hand wheel 491.化桩板 lagging enclosure 492.齿轮 gear 493.直齿式齿轮 spur gear 494.斜齿式齿轮 helical gear 495.伞型齿轮 bevel gear 496.蜗轮 worm wheel 497.蜗杆 worm stem 498.弹簧 spring 499.密封油箱 sealing oil tank 500.空气侧交流密封油泵 air side AC sealing oil pump 501.空气侧支流密封油泵 air side DC sealing oil pump 502.压差阀 differential pressure valve 503.平衡阀 balancing valve 504.密封瓦 sealing pad
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    505.缓冲油箱 buffer oil tank 506.高位油箱 head oil tank, elevated oil tank 507.事故油箱 emergency oil tank 508.磁性过滤器 magnetic filter 509.发电机内冷水箱 generator inner cooling water tank 510.发电机内冷水泵 generator inner cooling water pump 511.离子交换器 ion exchanger 512.干燥器 dryer, drier 513.冷凝式干燥器 condensing type drier 514.凝汽器 condenser 515.多压式凝汽器 multi-pressure condenser 516.单流程凝汽器 single-pass condenser 517.双流程凝汽器 double-pass condenser 518.黄铜管 brass tube 519.管板 tube plate 520.凝汽器喉部 condenser throat 521.热水井 hot well 522.凝结水泵 condensate pump 523.泵壳 pump casing 524.盘根 gland packing 525.盘根压盖 gland top cover 526.盘根端盖 gland end cover
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    527.填料 packing 528.轴封抽汽风机 shaft seal extraction fan 529.轴封抽汽冷却器 shaft seal extraction cooler, gland cooler 530.轴封漏汽加热器 shaft seal leakage heater 531.低压加热器 low-pressure feed water heater 532.中压加热器 media-pressure feed water heater 533.高压加热器 high-pressure feed water heater 534.蒸汽冷却器 steam cooler 535.疏水冷却器 drain water cooler 536.汽侧 steam side 537.水侧 water side 538.U 型管 U-tube 539.除氧器 deaerator 540.储水池 water storage pond 541.卧式除氧器 horizontal type deaerator 542.立式除氧器 vertical type deaerator 543.喷雾式除氧器 atomizing type deaerator 544.淋水盘 water spraying tray, sprinkling tray 545.除氧水箱 deaerated water tank 546.稳压水箱 surge water tank, stabilizing water tank 547.除盐水箱 demineralized water tank 548.除盐水泵 demineralized water pump
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    549.汽动给水泵 steam-driven feed water pump 550.电动调速给水泵 motor-driven variable speed feed water pump 551.前置水泵 booster pump 552.给水泵 feed water pump 553.机械密封 mechanical seal 554.碳精密封环 carbon seal ring, carbon packing ring 555.动环 moving ring 556.静环 static ring 557.平衡盘 balancing disc 558.液力偶合器 hydraulic coupler 559.泵轮(主动轮) pump impeller, driving impeller 560.涡轮(从动轮) whirling impeller, driven impeller 561.勺管 scoop tube 562.辅助油泵 auxiliary oil pump 563.疏水泵 drain pump 564.疏水扩容器 drain flash tank 565.疏水箱 drain tank 566.热网加热器 heater for heating network, heating network hot water heater 567.生水加热器 raw water heater 568.热网水泵 pump for heating network, heating network hot water pump
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    569.生水泵 raw water pump 570.除尘水泵 pump for scrubber, scrubber water pump 571.壳体 case, shell 572.水室 water chamber 573.封头 end cover 574.挡板 baffle plate 575.导流板 guide plate 576.射水泵 water jet pump 577.真空泵 vaccum pump 578.射水抽气器 water jet air ejector 579.射汽抽气器 steam jet air ejector 580.射水池 water jet pond 581.排水池 drain water pond 582.工业水泵 industrial water pump, service water pump 583.排污泵 blowdown pump 584.轴流泵 axial flow pump 585.清水泵 clean water pump 586.污水泵 sewage pump 587.排水泵 water discharge pump 588.立式深井泵 vertical deep-well pump 589.深井泵 deep-well pump 590.潜水泵 submerged pump
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    591.循环水泵 circulating water pump 592.清污机 trash remover 593.混流泵 mixed flow pump 594.离心泵 centrifugal pump 595.旋转滤网 rotating type screen, screw type strainer 596.胶球泵 rubber ball recirculating pump 597.收球网 ball screen 598.装球网 ball collector 599.管式冷却器 tubular cooler, tube type cooler 599/1.支撑斜钢 supporting wedge 600.板式冷却器 plate type cooler 601.冷却水池 cooling water pond 602.喷水池 spraying water pond 603.冷却水塔 cooling tower 604.自然通风冷却塔 natural draft cooling tower 605.逆流式冷却塔 reverse flow cooling tower 606.横流式塔 transverse flow cooling tower 607.机力通风冷却塔 mechanical draft cooling tower 608.空气冷却塔 air cooling tower 609.干式冷却塔 dry cooling tower 610.分水槽 water diversion channel 611.竖井 shaft, well
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    612.闸板井 gate well 613.闸门室 gate chamber, gate house 614.挡风板 air baffle plate 615.新(主)蒸汽管道 main steam piping, live steam piping 616.主蒸汽系统 main steam system 617.再热蒸汽系统 reheat steam syetem 618.抽汽系统 extraction steam system 619.轴封供汽系统 shaft seal steam supply system 620.轴封 shaft seal 621.门杆漏汽系统 valve lever leakage steam system 622.汽缸法兰螺栓加热系统 casing flange and bolt heating system 623.真空系统 vaccum system 624.凝结水系统 condensate system 625.再热蒸汽管道 reheat steam system 626.给水系统 feed water system 627.循环水系统 circulating water system 628.工业水系统 industrial water system, service water system 629.供油系统 oil supply system 630.密封油系统 seal oil system 631.厂用蒸汽系统 auxiliary steam system 632.调速系统 speed governing system 633.电液调速系统 electro-hydraulic speed governing system
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    634.发电机内冷水系统 generator inner cooling water system 635.热网系统 heating network system 636.导汽管 steam lead pipe 637.连通管 inter-connecting pipe 638.抽汽管道 steam extraction pipe 639.抽汽母管 steam extraction header 640.厂用蒸汽管道 plant service steam piping 641.厂用蒸汽母管 plant service steam header 642.蒸汽旁路系统 steam bypass system 643.蒸汽大旁路 single stage steam bypass 644.一级蒸汽旁路 first stage steam bypass 645.二级蒸汽旁路 second stage steam bypass 646.辅助蒸汽母管 auxiliary steam header 647.供汽联箱 steam header 648.回汽联箱 return steam header 649.供水联箱 water supply header 650.回水联箱 return water header 651.门杆漏汽管道 valve lever steam leakage piping 652.轴封漏汽管道 shaft seal leakage steam piping 653.抽空气管道 air extraction piping 654.压缩空气管道 compressed air piping 655.氢气管道 hydrogen piping
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    656.疏水管道 drain water piping 657.凝结水管道 condensate piping 658.循环水管道 circulating water piping 659.工业水管道 industrial water piping, service water piping 660.冷却水管道 cooling water piping 661.给水管道 feed water piping 662.除盐水管道 demineralized water piping 663.减温水管道 attemperating water piping 664.再循环水管道 recirculating water piping 665.排水管道 water discharge piping 666.润滑油供油管道 lube oil supply piping 667.润滑油管 lube oil piping 668.调速油管 governing oil piping 669.回油管道 return oil piping 670.压力油管道 pressure oil piping 671.密封油管道 seal oil piping 672.脉动油管 pulsating oil piping 673.热网水管道 heating network water piping 674.平衡管 balance pipe 675.电动主闸门 motor-operated main gate valve 676.高压主汽门 high-pressure main stop valve 677.中压主汽门 intermediate pressure main stop valve
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    678.旁路门 bypass valve 679.防腐汽门 corrosion-proof valve 680.高压调速汽门 high-pressure governor valve 681.中压调速汽门 medium pressure governor valve 682.对空排汽门 atmospheric relief valve 683.疏水门 drain valve 684.调整门 adjusting valve 685.电动门 motor-operated valve 686.手动门 hand-operated valve 687.减温器 attemperator, desuperheater 688.减压器(阀) pressure reducer(valve) 689.减温减压器 temperature and pressure reducer 690.抽汽电动门 motor-operated steam extraction valve 691.抽汽逆止门 extraction check valve 692.高压排汽逆止门 high-pressure exhaust check valve 693.逆止门 check valve, non-return valve 694.入口门 inlet valve 695.出口门 outlet valve 696.球型阀 globe valve 697.闸板阀 gate valve 698.针型阀 needle valve 699.翻板阀 tripper valve
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    700.液压阀 hydraulic valve 701.控制阀 control valve 702.换向阀 reverse flow valve 703.疏水阀 drain valve 704.蝶阀 butterfly valve 705.衬胶门 rubber lined valve 706.高压加热器入口联成阀 composite valve at high pressure heater inlet 707.高压加热器出口联成阀 composite valve at high pressure heater outlet 708.高压加热器旁路门 high pressure heater bypass valve 709.水封阀门 water seal valve 710.排污门 blow down valve 711.排气门 exhaust steam valve 712.排汽门 exhaust steam valve 713.补水门 water supply valve, make-up water valve 714.补油门 oil valve, oil supply valve 715.补氢门 hydrogen supply valve 716.空气门 air valve 717.真空破坏阀 vacuum breaking valve, vacuum breaker 718.排汽安全门 exhaust steam safety valve 719.弹簧安全门 spring relief valve
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    720.排汽缸喷水门 exhaust cylinder water-spraying valve 721.电磁阀 solenoid valve, magnet valve 722.前截门 front intercept valve 723.后截门 rear intercept valve 724.排氢门 hydrogen vent valve 725.中间抽头门 intermediate stage bleed-off valve 726.最小流量阀 minimum flow valve 727.暖泵门 pump warming valve 728.泵体放水门 pump-body water drain valve 729.放水门 water discharge valve 730.减温水门 attemperating water valve 731.切换门 change-over valve, diverting valve 732.联络门 interconnection valve 733.液压逆止门 hydraulic check valve 734.再沸腾加热门 reboiled heating valve 735.放空气门 air vent valve 736.再循环门 recirculation valve 737.冷却水门 cooling water valve 738.热效率 thermal efficiency, heat efficiency 739.内效率 internal efficiency 740.额定工况 rated operation condition 741.最大工况 maximum operation condition
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    742.汽耗量 steam consumption 743.汽耗率 steam consumption rate 744.热耗率 specific heat consumption, heat rate 745.新蒸汽压力 initial steam pressure, live steam pressure 746.再热蒸汽冷段压力 cold reheated steam pressure 747.再热蒸汽热段压力 hot reheated steam pressure 748.再热蒸汽热段温度 hot reheated steam temperature 749.再热蒸汽冷段温度 cold reheated steam temperature 750.主蒸汽流量 steam flow 751.再热蒸汽流量 reheated steam flow 752.低压缸排汽流量 low-pressure cylinder exhaust steam flow 753.转速 rotating speed, revolution 754.真空度 vaccum 755.旋转方向 rotation direction 756.给水温度 feedwater temperature 757.调节级压力 pressure at velocity stage 758.临界转速 critical speed 759.吊装重量 lifting weight 760.速度变化率 speed variation rate 761.迟缓率 delay rate 762.凸轮转角 cam torque angle 763.过热度 superheat degree
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    764.温差 temperature difference 765.端差 terminal temperature difference 766.过冷度 supercooling degree 767.高压加热器投入率 high pressure heater availability rate 768.轴向位移 axial shift, axial displacement 769.大轴晃动值 shaft swinging value, shaft eccentricity 770. 高压缸膨胀 high-pressure cylinder expansion 771.中压缸膨胀 intermediate pressure cylinder expansion 772.低压缸膨胀 low pressure cylinder expansion 773.市政速油压 governing oil pressure 774.润滑油压 lubricating oil pressure 775.脉动油压 impulse oil pressure 776.附加保安油压 additional safeguard oil pressure 777.滑阀上油压 oil pressure above pilot valve 778.滑阀下油压 oil pressure under pilot valve 779.润滑油温 lubricating oil temperature 780.轴承加油温度 bearing return oil temperature 781.轴承钨金温度 babbit metal temperature, bearing metal temperature 782.推力瓦块温度 thrust pad temperature 783.密封油压 seal oil pressure 784.油位 oil level 785.水中含氧量 oxygen content of water
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    786.凝结水硬度 condensate hardness 787.轴承振动值 shaft(bearing) vibration amplitude 788.垂直振动值 vertical vibration amplitude 789.水平振动值 horizontal vibration amplitude 790.轴向振动值 axial vibration amplitude 791.油膜振荡 oil film oscillation, oil whipping 792.冲转 impulse starting 793.冷态启动 cold start 794.热态启动 hot start 795.滑参数启动 starting at sliding parameters, sliding pressure starting 796. 滑 参 数 停 机 shut-down at sliding parameters, sliding pressure shut-down 797.升速 speed up 798.升速率 percentage of maximum momentary speed variation, speed-up rate 799.负荷上升率 loading rate 800.基本负荷 base load 801.调峰运行 peak load regulating operation, cyclic operation 802.空转 idling, idle running 803.手动打闸?;?hand trip, turbine hand trip 804.暖机 turbine warming up 805.最短盘车时间 minimum turning time
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    806.低速暖机 low speed warming 807.中速暖机 medium speed warming 808.滑参数起动曲线 starting curve at sliding parameters, sliding pressure starting-up curve 809.滑参数?;?shut-down curve at sliding parameters, sliding pressure shut-down curve 810.全周进汽 full admission 811.部分进汽 partial admission, partial-arc admission 812.喷嘴调节 nozzle governing 813.节流调节 throttle governing 814.破坏真空 vaccum breaking 815.汽缸金属温度 cylinder metal temperature 816.听音检查 sound detection 817.惰走时间 idling time 818.超速试验 overspeed test 819.真空严密性试验 vaccum leakage test 820.主汽门严密性试验 main steam stop valve leakage test 821.危急遮断器充油试验 emergency governor oil filling test 822.低油压?;な匝?low oil pressure protection test 823.调速系统静止试验 governing system pre-operation test 824. 调速系统动态特性试验 governing system dynamic performance test
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    825.调速系统静态特性试验 governing system static performance test 826.甩负荷试验 load-dump test, load-rejection test 827.空负荷试验 no-load test 828.满负荷试验 full-load test 829.超负荷试验 overload test 830.转子平衡试验 rotor balancing test 831.动平衡 dynamic balancing 832.静平衡 static balancing 833.热力试验 thermodynamic test 834.叶片频率试验 blade frequency test 835.投入运行 to be put into operation 836.开启 opening 837.关闭 closing 838.启动 starting-up 839.停止 shutting down 840.充氢 hydrogen charging 841.排氢 hydrogen discharging 842.补水 water make-up 843.补油 oil make-up 844.水位调整 water level regulation 845.暖管 warming 846.手摇同步器 hand synchronizer
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    847.检查 inspection, examination 848.巡检 routing inspection 849.蒸汽带水 carry-over 850.水击 hydraulic shock, water hammer 851.超速 overspeed 852.轴承损坏(烧瓦) bearing burnt-out 853.断叶片 broken blade 854.断轴 broken shaft 855.气蚀 cavitation 856.反转(倒转) reversal rotation 857.调节级 regulation stage 858.压力级 pressure stage 859.抽真空 vaccum extraction 860.盘车 turning 861.法兰加热 flange heating 862.螺栓加热 bolt heating 863.漏汽 steam leakage 864.漏水 water leakage 865.炭精轴封 carbon packing 866.冒烟 smoking, smoke belching 867.着火 fire catching, fire 868.强烈振动 strong vibration
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    869.管道破裂 piping breaking 870.无蒸汽运行 no-steam operation 871.堵塞 choking, plugging, blocking 872.异音 abnormal sound 873.轴封供汽 steam supply for shaft sealing 874.膨胀不均 nonhomogeneous expansion 875.正常状态 normal condition 876.清洗 cleaning 877.操作 operation 878.机械密封水 mechanical seal water 879.盘根冷却水 gland cooling water 880.水封 water seal 881.循环倍率 circulation ratio 882.真空度降低 vaccum down, vaccum reduced 882/1.油挡 oil baffle 882/2.刮油板 oil waper 883.酸洗 acid cleaning, pickling 884.扰度 deflection 885.解体 disassembly 886.组装 assembly 887.检修 maintenance 888.结合面 joint surface
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    889.研磨 grinding 890.刮瓦 bearing shoe grinding, bearing pad fitting 891.紧力 tightening force 892.间隙 clearance, gap 893.紧固螺栓 fastening bolt 894.冷紧 cold spring 895.热紧 hot spring 896.危急放汽阀 emergency blowdown valve 897.螺栓加热棒 bolt electric heating rod 898.拆开 dismantling 899.顶部 top 900.吊汽缸 casing lifting, cylinder lifting 901.汽缸扣盖 cylinder covering 902.变形 deformation 903.弹性变形 elastic deformation 904.分流环 shunt ring 905.膨胀圈 expansion ring 906.顶丝 top thread 907.油挡 oil baffle 908.通流部分 flow part 909.轴颈扬度 bearing neck up-rising inclination 910.轴颈下沉 bearing neck dipping inclination
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    911.桥规 bridge gauge 912.毛刺 burr 913.裂纹 crack 914.断裂深度 fracture depth 915.壁厚 wall thickness 916.套装 shrinking fit 917.电火花强化 electro-spark hardening 918.平衡孔 balancing hole 919.叶片顶部 blade top 920.叶片振动 blade vibration 921.锈蚀 rusting 922.推力盘 thrust disk collar 923.松动 loosening 924.轴弯曲 shaft crook, shaft bending 925.磨损 wear 926.轴向 axial 927.径向 radial 928.弧段 arc section 929.背弧 back arc profile 930.汽缸洼窝 cylinder groove 931.汽流方向 steam-flow direction 932.油膜 oil film
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    933.同心 concentricity 934.垫铁 iron cushion, packing iron plate, adjusting pad 935.球面 spherical 936.工作瓦块 operating pad 937.非工作瓦块 non-operating pad 938.更换部件 replacement of parts 939.油腔 oil chamber 940.油孔 oil hole 941.找正 centering 942.找中心 alignment 943.胀差 differential expansion 944.密封胶 sealing glue 945.胀管 tube expansion 946.拆除 dismantle 947.膨胀死点 expansion dead point 948.机构 mechanism 949.灵活 flexible, flexibility 950.行程 stroke, travel 951.位移 displacement 952.齿条 rack, rackbar 953.阀杆 valve lever, valve stem 954.阀座 valve seat
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    955.预起阀 pre-lifting valve 956.台板 sole plate 957.弹簧吊架 spring hanger 958.端面瓢偏 floating displacement 959.六合环 six-element ring 960.四合环 four-element ring 961.空气冷却器 air cooling zone 962.凝结区 condensing zone 963.肋板 tube support plate 964.管束 tube bundle 965.油膜振动 oil whipping, oil film vibration 966.滤油机 oil filter 967.压力式滤油机 pressure oil filter 968.真空滤油机 vacuum oil filter 969.冷却面积 cooling surface area 970.表面式热交换器 surface type heat exchanger 971.混合式热交换器 mixed type heat exchange 972.汽机房行车 turbine hall overhead crane 973.汽机基座 turbine pedestal 974.汽机台板 turbine sole plate 975.盘车电动机 turning motor 976.主汽门 main steam stop valve
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    977.调速汽门 governing valve 978.旁路装置 bypass device 979.转速表 speedometer, tachometer 980.油动机 hydraulic servomotor 981.电液调节系统 electronic-hydraulic control system 982.调速器 speed governor 983.错油门 pilot oil valve 984.电负荷 power load 985.超负荷 overload 986.冷却设备 cooling apparatus 987.汽机启动特定曲线 turbine starting characteristic curve 988.蒸汽参数 steam conditions, steam parameters 989.流量 flow 990.抽汽量 steam extraction capacity 991.加负荷 load increasing 992.减负荷 load reducing(decreasing) 993.保温材料 heat insulating material 994.探伤 flaw detection, defect detection 995.汽机本体疏水 turbine proper water level 996.凝结水净化 condensate polishing 997.凝汽器水位 condenser water level 998.水-水冷却器 water-water cooler
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    999.氢气冷却器 hydrogen cooler 1000.取水排水方式 mode of water intake and discharge 1001.二次循环 secondary circulation, recirculation 1002.一次循环 once-through circulation 1003.直流供水 direct-flow water circulation 1004.上游 upstream 1005.下游 downstream 1006.温排水 warm discharge water 1007.水热污染 warm water pollution 1008.海水 sea water 1009.防腐 anti-corrosion 1010.谈水 fresh water 1011.预应力混凝土管 prestressed concrete pipe 1012.岸边泵房 riparian pump house 1013.取水口 water intake 1014.排水库 discharge water resouvoir 1015.发电机空冷技术 power plant air cooling technology 1016.直接空冷 direct air cooling 1017.间接空冷 indirect air cooling 1018.海勒式空冷系统 heller air cooling system 1019.哈蒙式空冷系统 Harman air cooling system 1020.翅片管 fin tube
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    1021.空冷凝汽器 air cooling condenser 1022.散热器 radiator 1023.喷射式 jet-type, injection-type 1024.供水保证率 water supply guarantee rate 1025.排污率 blowdown percentage 1026.循环水处理 circulating water treatment 1027.加药泵 chemical feed pump 1028.蒸发损失 vaporization losses 1029.排污损失 blowdown losses

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    四、电厂术语——电气专业
    1030.发电机 electric generator, generator 1031.发电机组 generator set, generating unit 1032.发电机定子 generator stator 1033.发电机定子引出线 generator stator terminal lead 1034.发电机定子铁芯 generator stator core, stator core of generator 1035. 发 电 机 定 子 绕 组 generator stator winding, stator winding of generator 1036.发电机转子 generator stator 1037.双水内冷发电机 dual internal water cooled generator 1038.水-氢-氢冷发电机 water-hydrogen-hydrogen cooling generator 1039.空气冷却发电机 air cooled generator 1040.转子护环 rotor end –cap 1041.发电机过负荷 generator overload 1042.发电机四角冷却器 corner cooler of 1043.发电机风温 air temperature of generator 1044.汽轮发电机无蒸汽运行 mini-steam operation of turbo-generator 1045.发电机无励磁运行 loss of excitation of generator 1046.柴油发电机 diesel-engine generator 1047.直流发电机 dynamo, direct current generator 1048.调相机 phase modulator, phase modifier
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    1049.主励磁机 main exciter 1050.副励磁机 pilot exciter 1051.备用励磁机 standby exciter 1052.励磁系统 excitation system 1053.整流器 rectifier 1054.整流子 commutator,collector 1055.石墨电刷 graphite brush 1056.刷握 brush holder 1057.集电环 slip ring, collector ring 1058.电刷接头 brush joint 1059.灭磁开关 field suppression switch 1060.汇流环 collector ring, collector-shoe gear 1061.主变压器 main transformer 1062.升压变压器 step-up transformer 1063.降压变压器 step-down transformer 1064.工作变压器 operating transformer 1065.备用变压器 standby transformer 1066.公用变压器 common transformer 1067.三相变压器 three-phase transformer 1068.单相变压器 single-phase transformer 1069.带负荷调压变压器 on-load regulating transformer 1070.联络变压器 tie-in transformer
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    1071.启动变压器 starting transformer 1072. 高 压 厂 用 工 作 变 压 器 high-voltage house service operating transformer 1073. 低 压 厂 用 工 作 变 压 器 low-voltage house service operating transformer 1074.干式变压器 dry-type transfoermer 1075.自藕变压器 auto-transformer 1076.变压器铁芯 transformer core 1077.变压器铁圈 transformer coil 1078.变压器绕组 transformer winding 1079.变压器油箱 transformer oil tank 1080.变压器外壳 transformer casing 1081.变压器风扇 transformer fan 1082.变压器油枕 transformer oil conservator, transformer oil drum 1083.变压器额定电压 transformer rated voltage 1084.变压器额定电流 transformer rated current 1085.变压器调压范围 transformer voltage regulation range 1086.配电设备 power distribution equipment 1087.SF6 断 路 器 SF6 circuit breaker, sulphur(sulfur) hexafluoride circuit breaker 1088.母线分段断路器 bus section breaker 1089.母线联络断路器 bus-tie breaker
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    1090.灭弧设备 arc-extinguishing equipment 1091.开关 switch 1092.操作开关(控制开关) operating switch 1093.磁力开关 magnetic switch 1094.低压自动空气开关 low-voltage automatic air switch 1095.转换开关 changeover switch, switcher 1096.钮子开关 toggle switch 1097.按钮 button 1098.微动开关 microswitch, sensitive switch 1099.终端开关 limit switch 1100.隔离开关 isolator, disconnector 1101.真空开关 vacuum switch 1102.换向开关 reversing switch 1103.闸刀开关 knife-switch 1104.接地刀闸 earthing knife-switch 1105.气体绝缘金属封闭 gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear (GIS) 电器(全封闭组合电器) 1106.蓄电池组 storage battery, accumulator battery 1107.电压 voltage 1108.电流 current 1109.试验电压 test voltage 1110.空载电压 on-load voltage
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    1111.电流强度 current intensity 1112.电动势 electromotive force(EMF), electromotance 1113.电压降 voltage-drop 1114.电阻 resistance 1115.标准电阻器 standard resistor 1116.电功率 electric power 1117.电流输出 current output 1118.电气设备 electrical equipment 1119.杆塔 pole and tower 1120.电压表 voltmeter 1121.伏特 volt 1122.千伏 kilovolt 1123.电流表 ammeter, amperemeter 1124.安培 ampere 1125.三相电能表 three-phase kilowatt-hour meter 1126.单相电能表 single-phase kilowatt-hour meter 1127.千瓦小时 kilowatt-hour 1128.电位计 potentiometer 1129.功率表 wattmeter 1130.瓦特 watt 1131.千瓦 kilowatt 1132.兆瓦 megawatt
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    1133.功率因数表 power-factor meter 1134.频率表 frequency meter 1135.赫兹 hertz 1136.转速表 speedometer 1137.有功功率 active power 1138.无功功率 reactive power 1139.千乏 kilovar 1140.视在功率 apparent power 1141.千伏安 kilovoltampere 1142.变流器 current converter 1143.变阻器 rheostat 1144.充油套管 oil-filled bushing 1145.穿墙套管 wall-through bushing 1146.电阻箱 resistance box 1147.欧姆 ohm 1148.出线盒 terminal box 1149.串励绕组 series-field winding 1150.电瓶车 battery car, accumulator car 1151.电气报警器 electric siren 1152.蜂鸣器 buzzer, buzzerphone 1153.线电压 line voltage 1154.变压器中性点接地方式 neutral grounding state of transformer
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    1155.发电机-变压器组 generator-transformer unit 1156.发电机-变压器扩大单元 generator-transformer extension unit 1157.通风 ventilation, draft 1158.自然通风 natural ventilation, natural draft 1159.强制通风 forced ventilation, forced draft 1160.径向通风 radial ventilation 1161.电动机 electric motor 1162.高压电动机 high-voltage motor 1163.低压电动机 low-voltage motor 1164.直流电动机 direct-current motor, DC motor 1165.交流电动机 alternating-current motor, AC motor 1166.可逆电动机 reversing motor, reversible motor 1167.防爆电动机 explosion-proof motor 1168.密闭式电动机 canned motor, enclosed motor 1169.同步电动机 synchronous motor 1170.异步电动机 asynchronous motor 1171.鼠笼式电动机 squirrel-cage motor 1172.微型电动机 micromotor 1173.避雷器 lightning arrester, lightning guard 1174.避雷针 lightning rod, lightning conductor 1175.避雷线 lightning wire 1176.氧化锌避雷器 ZnO lightning arrester, zinc oxide lightning arrester
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    1177.电流互感器 current transformer(CT) 1178. 母 线 用 穿 心 式 电 流 互 感 器 busbar straight-through current transformer 1179.电压互感器 voltage transformer, potential transformer(PT) 1180.便携式电压互感器 portable voltage transformer 1181.测量用互感器 measuring transformer 1182.电流互感器校验装置 current transformer calibrating device 1183.电源 power source, power supply 1184.交流电源 AC power source 1185.直流电源 DC power source 1186.工作电源 operating source 1187.备用电源 standby source 1188.保安电源 safety source 1189.公用电源 common power supply 1190.不停电电源 uninterrupted power supply(UPS) 1191.强电 strong current 1192.弱电 weak current 1193.继电器 relay 1194.信号继电器 signal relay 1195.电流继电器 current relay 1196.电压继电器 voltage relay 1197.跳闸继电器 tripping relay
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    1198.合闸继电器 closing relay 1199.中间继电器 intermediate relay 1200.时间继电器 time relay 1201.零序电压继电器 zero-sequence voltage relay 1202.热电偶继电器 thermocouple relay 1203.闪光继电器 flasher relay 1204.锁定继电器 locking relay 1205.?;ぜ痰缙?protective relay 1206.自启动继电器 self-starting relay 1207.锁闭装置 locking device 1208.???telecontrol 1209.遥信 telesignalisation 1210.遥测 telemetering 1211.遥调 teleregulation 1212.断路器 breaker, circuit breaker 1213.少油断路器 mini-oil breaker, oil-minimum breaker 1214.负载特性曲线 load characteristic curve 1215.高频滤波器 high-frequency filter 1216.电流表分流器 ammeter shunt 1217.接触器 contactor 1218.测量用滑线变阻器 measuring slide rheostat, measuring slide-wire rheostat
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    1219.信号发生器 signal generator 1220.油位指示器 oil level indicator 1221.故障探测器 fault finder, fault detector 1222.结合滤波器 combined filter 1223.相位指示器 phase indicator 1224.相位差指示器 phase-difference indicator 1225.雷电记录器 lightning recorder, lightning-stroke recorder 1226.励磁调节器 excitation regulator 1227.高压验电器 high-voltage electroscope 1228.电子式频率器 electronic frequency meter 1229.插件 plug-in unit, insertion piece 1230.??サ?normally opened contact 1231.常闭触点 normally closed contact 1232.并联电容 parallel capacitance 1233.?;そ拥?protective earthing 1234.?;ふ?protective cover, protective housing 1235.熔丝 fuse, fuse wire 1236.熔线座 fuse carrier 1237.熔断器 cutout, fusible cutout 1238.电缆 cable 1239.电缆芯 cable core 1240.电缆架 cable rack, cable bracket
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    1241.电缆沟 cable groove, cable channel 1242.电缆竖井 cable pit 1243.电缆夹层 cable interlayer 1244.电缆防火 fire protection for cable 1245.架空电缆 aerial cable, overhead cable 1246.充油电缆 oil-filled cable 1247.塑料电缆 plastic cable 1248.钢铠电缆 steel armored cable 1249.高压电缆 high voltage cable 1250.低压电缆 low voltage cable 1251.通信电缆 communication cable 1252.控制电缆 control cable 1253.铅皮电缆 lead covered cable 1254.馈电电缆 feed cable 1255.电力电缆 power cable 1256.两芯电缆 twin-core cable 1257.三芯电缆 triple-core cable 1258.网络控制室 network control room 1259.单元控制室 unit control room 1260.母线室 busbar room 1261.厂用配电装置 auxiliary switchgear 1262.蓄电池室 battery room
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    1263.蓄电池室充电 battery charging 1264.蓄电池室容量 battery capacity 1265.充电装置 charging apparatus, charging equipment 1266.备用电源自投装置 standby power source automatic put-in device 1267.中央信号装置 central signaling installation 1268.配电室 switch room, distribution board room 1269.配电装置 power distribution switchgear 1270.磁场强度 magnetic field strength, magnetic field intensity 1271.电磁感应 electromagnetic induction 1272.平均功率 average power 1273.输出功率 output capacity 1274.轴功率 shaft output 1275.频率 frequency 1276.脉冲 pulse 1277.调闸脉冲 tripping pulse 1278.合闸脉冲 closing pulse 1279.励磁电压 excitation voltage 1280.强行励磁 force excitation 1281.励磁回路 excitation circuit 1282.有效电阻 effective resistance 1283.预防试验 preventive test 1284.联锁试验 interlocking test
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    1285.电动门试验 motor-operated valve test 1286.断路器跳合闸试验 breaker tripping and closing test 1287.静态试验 static test 1288.交流耐压试验 AC withstand voltage test 1289.支流耐压试验 DC withstand voltage test 1290.空载试验 no-load test 1291.电气设备共频试验 power frequency test for electric equipment 1292.短路试验 short circuit test 1293.温升试验 temperature-rise test 1294.高内阻电压表 high internal resistance voltmeter 1295.过电压 overvoltage 1296.毫安表 millammeter 1297.毫伏表 millvoltmeter 1298.交流电压表 AC voltmeter 1299.交流电流表 AC ammeter 1300.交直流两用电流表 AC-DC ammeter 1301.数字电压表 digital voltmeter 1302.电流放大 current amplification 1303.电子计算机 electronic computer 1304.电机温度 generator temperature, motor temperature 1305.冷却器前温度 temperature in front of the cooler 1306.冷却器后温度 temperature behind the cooler
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    1307.断电器室 relay room 1308.继电器柜 relay cabinet 1309.继电器屏 relay panel, relay board 1310.架空线路 overhead line 1311.布线 wiring 1312.一次电压 primary voltage 1313.二次电压 secondary voltage 1314.一次绕组 primary winding 1315.二次绕组 secondary winding 1316.脱扣器 tripper, tripping device 1317.高频放大 high-frequency amplification 1318.高压线路 high-voltage line 1319.粗调 rough adjustment 1320.细调 fine adjustment 1321.微型电容器 microcapacitor 1322.并联电容器 parallel capacitor 1323.并联电抗器 parallel reactor 1324.串联电容补偿装置 series capacitor compensation device 1325.无功补偿装置 reactive power compensation device 1326.互感 mutual inductance 1327.导电环 conducting ring 1328.惠斯通电桥 whetatone bridge
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    1329.击穿电压 puncture voltage 1330.集中控制 centralized control, central control 1331.磁极对数 number of pole pairs 1332.极间电压 interpolar voltage 1333.零电位 zero potential 1334.零点漂移 zero drift, zero wander 1335.漏电 electric leakage 1336.消弧线圈 arc-suppressing coil, arc-extinguishing coil 1337.母线 bus, busbar 1338.小母线 miniature busbar 1339.母线桥 bus structure 1340.封闭母线 enclosed busbar 1341.管型母线 tubular busbar 1342.软母线 flexible busbar 1343.应母线 hard busbar 1344.软导线 flexible conductor 1345.组合导线 composite conductor 1346.三角接法 delta connection 1347.星形接法 wye connection 1348.闪光信号 flash signal 1349.闪光报警装置 flash alarming device 1350.光字牌 alarm window
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    1351.测电笔 test pencil 1352.验电器 electroscope 1353.匝数 number of turns 1354.启动线圈 starting coil 1355.漆包线 enameled wire 1356.屏蔽接地 shield earthing 1357.接通持续时间 duration of power-on 1358.延迟时间 delay time 1359.滞后相位 lagging phase 1360.自激 self-excitation 1361.自动检测单元 automatic detecting unit 1362.阻抗匹配 impedance matching 1363.最大脱扣电流 maximum tripping surrent 1364.最低负荷运行 minimum load operation 1365.厂用电率 service power rate, auxiliary power rate 1366.绝缘 insulation 1367.绝缘体 insulant, insulator 1368.绝缘杆 insulating bar 1369.绝缘靴 insulating boot 1370.绝缘手套 insulating glove 1371.绝缘等级 insulation class, insulation grade 1372.绝缘强度 insulation strength
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    1373.绝缘损伤 insulation deterioration 1374.绝缘套管 insulated bushing(sleeve) 1375.绝缘子串 insulator string 1376.相间绝缘 insulation between phase 1377.云母绝缘 mica insulation 1378.仪表盘 instrument board, meter panel 1379.盘面布置 panel face arrangement 1380.相角差 phase-angle difference 1381.音响信号 sound signal 1382.分接头 tap 1383.安全净距 net safety distance 1384.印刷电路 printed circuit 1385.选择电源 select unit 1386.压敏电阻器 voltage sensitive resistor 1387.电线接头 wire terminal 1388.终端接头 end connector 1389.校正电路 correction circuit 1390.校正系数 correction factor, correction coefficient 1391.接地线 ground wire, earthing wire 1392.接地网 ground net, earthing network 1393.土壤电阻率 soil resistivity 1394.接地?;?ground protection
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    1395.接地短路 grounded short circuit 1396.接地系统 grounding system 1397.接地中性点 earthed neutral, grounded neutral 1398.可变电阻器 variable resistor 1399.输入抗租 input impedance 1400.输出抗租 output impedance 1401.容抗 capacitive reactance 1402.感抗 inductance reactance 1403.内电阻 internal resistance 1404.奇次谐波 odd harmonic 1405.偶次谐波 even harmonic 1406.耦合电容 coupled capacitance 1407.感应电动热 inductive electromotive 1408.感应加热 inductive heating 1409.感应电压 inductive voltage 1410.高次谐波 higher order harmonic 1411.铁磁谐振 ferro-resonance 1412.消磁装置 demagnetizer, field suppression equipment 1413.同相 same-phase, in-phase 1414.相序 phase order, phase sequence 1415.相位超前 phase lead 1416.相位滞后 phase lag
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    1417.相电压 phase voltage 1418.矩形截面铜线 rectangular copper wire 1419.试运行 trial operation 1420.变电所 substation 1421.测量元件 measuring element 1422.电缆击穿试验 cable breakdown test, cable puncture test 1423.电缆敷设及清册 cable laying and list 1424.电工测量仪表 electric measuring instrument 1425.电阻测量 resistance measurement 1426.电压测量 voltage measurement 1427.电流测定 current measurement 1428.时间测定 time measurement 1429.行灯 portable lamp, mobile lamp 1430.便携式电流表 portable ammeter 1431.便携式电压表 portable voltmeter 1432.便携式转速表 portable speedmeter 1433.双臂电桥 double bridge, Kelvin bridge 1434.装设绕组(下线) winding 1435.明线 open wire, open conductor 1436.暗线 concealed wire, concealed conductor 1437.导线股数 conductor strand number 1438.照明线路 lighting line
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    1439.灯光信号 lamp signal, light signal 1440.电气照明 electric light signal 1441.事故照明 emergency lighting 1442.发电机与系列并列 generator running in synchronization 1443.发电机与系列解列 generator running out of synchronization 1444.控制 control 1445.操作试验 operation test 1446.等效电路 equivalent circuit 1447.超负荷运行 overload operation 1448.输电 transmission 1449.带电 live, electrified 1450.原理图 schematic diagram 1451.一次系统图 primary system diagram 1452.二次系统图 secondary system diagram 1453.直流系统图 DC system diagram 1454.励磁系统图 excitation system diagram 1455.电力系统 electric power system 1456.电力网 power grid, power netmork 1457.电气主接线 main wring, main connection 1458.屋外配电装置 outdoor switchgear 1459.屋内配电装置 indoor switchgear 1460.直流系统 direct current system, DC system
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    1461.发电机出线小屋 generator outgoing terminal cubicle 1462.厂用电接线 auxiliary power wiring 1463.出线电压等级 outgoing voltage grade 1464.出线回路数 circuit number of outgoing line 1465.出线方向 outgoing direction, direction of outgoing line 1466.单母线接线 single bus connection 1467.双母线接地 double bus connection 1468.双母线带旁路接线 double bus connection with bypass 1469.控制屏 control panel 1470.控制台 control board 1471.信号返回屏 signal feed-back panel 1472.动力箱 power control box 1473.端子安装接线图 terminal wiring diagram 1474.电负荷 power load 1475.功率损失 power loss 1476.供电 power supply 1477.发电 power generation 1478.合闸电流 closing current 1479.分闸电流 tripping current 1480.就地控制 local control 1481.两相短路 two-phase short circuit 1482.三相短路 three-phase short circuit
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    1483.单相接地短路 single-phase ground short circuit 1484.系统短路容量 system short circuit capacity 1485.短路电流计算 calculation of short circuit current 1486.自动重合闸 automatic reclosing 1487.高跨?;?high-frequency protection 1488.距离?;?distance protection 1489.横差?;?transverse differential protection 1490.纵差?;?longitudinal differential protection 1491.母线?;?busbar protection 1492.线路?;?line protection 1493.系统断电?;?system relay protection 1494.过电压?;?over-voltage protection 1495.母差?;?bus differential protection 1496.瓦斯?;?buchholtz peotection 1497.发电机主?;?generator main protection 1498.变压器?;?transformer protection 1499.电动机?;?motor protection 1500.首次并网 intial synchronization 1501.首次送电 intial power transmission 1502.手动停止 manual shutting down 1503.手动操作 manual operation 1504.远方控制 remote control
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    1505.限负荷运行 load limit operation 1506.用电量 power consumption 1507.运行试验 operation test 1508.中性点 neutral point 1509.安装接地线 connect ground wire 1510.拆除接地线 remove ground wire 1511.装设遮拦 install shade and railings 1512.许可操作 admitted operation 1513.操作人 operator 1514.监护人 guardian 1515.工作许可人 work approver 1516.工作票签发人 work-sheet signer, person who signs the work-sheet 1517.工作负责人 person in charge of the work, manager of the work 1518.工作组成员 member of working group 1519.发布命令 give an order 1520.接受命令 accept an order 1521.复诵命令 repeat an order 1522.拒绝命令 refuse an order 1523.操作命令 operating order 1524.停电后测绝缘 insulation measurement after power outage 1525.向调度汇报 report to dispatcher 1526.合断路器 close the breaker
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    1527.拉开断路器 open the breaker 1528.合隔离开关 close the isolator 1529.拉开隔离开关 open the isolator 1530.断路器跳闸 breaker tripping 1531.断路器非全相跳闸 open phase tripping of breaker 1532.断路器非全相合闸 open phase closing of breaker 1533.非全相运行 open phase operation 1534.将?;じ奈?change protection to tripping 1535.将?;じ奈藕?change protection to signaling 1536.将?;ねS?stop protection 1537.联跳 shunt tripping 1538.同期合环 synchronous looping-in 1539.解环 looping-off 1540.核对相序 check phase order 1541.同期并列 synchronous parallel 1542.线路强送电 forced line energization 1543.线路强送电成功 successful forced line energization 1544.线路强送电不成功 unsuccessful forced line energization 1545.线路试送电 trial line energigization 1546.零起升压 raising voltage from zero 1547.倒母线 changeover busbar 1548.甩负荷 load dropping, load dump, load rejection
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    1549.系统振荡 system power swing 1550.线路潮流 line power flow 1551.增加有功功率 increase active power 1552.增加无功功率 increase reactive power 1553.提高频率 increase frequency 1554.降低频率 reduce frequency 1555.合上接地刀闸 close the grounding knife-switch 1556.拉开接地刀闸 open the grounding knife-switch 1557.带电拆线 live line disconnection 1558.带电接线 live line connection 1559.通信 communication 1560.通信线路 communication line 1561.电话机 telephone set 1562.电话号 telephone number 1563.微波 microwave 1564.载波 carrier 1565.可视电话 video telephone 1566.电话亭 telephone booth 1567.交换机房 exchange room 1568.话务台 telephone service desk 1569.频率计 frequency meter 1570.电缆 cable
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    1571.信号 signal 1572.连接器 connector 1573.话务信号 telephone service signal 1574.告警铃 alarm bell 1575.单元 unit 1576.主机 main machine 1577.系统 system 1578.无线电 radio 1579.发射机 transmitter 1580.接收机 receiver 1581.电话公司 telephone company 1582.电话局 telephone bureau 1583.电话键 telephone dial key 1584.电话手机 hand telephone 1585.话机绳 telephone cord 1586.电话分机 extension telephone 1587.电话管道 telephone duct 1588.交换机 switch 1589.长途电话 long-distance call 1590.事故铃 emergency bell 1591.通信工程 communication engineering 1592.通信设备 communication equipment
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    1593.通信监听 communication monitoring 1594.电子元件 electronic 1595.通信中断率 communication interrupt rate 1596.电子开关 electronic switch 1597.打电话 phone-call 1598.故障 fault 1599.故障信号 fault signal 1600.自动转换 automatic changeover 1601.呼叫信号 call signal 1602.中继电路 repeater circuit 1603.中继器 repeater 1604.回叫 call back 1605.主叫 calling 1606.高租 high resistance 1607.低租 low resistance 1608.输出电平 output level 1609.通话 talking on the telephone 1610.空闲 free time 1611.摘机 picking up the telephone 1612.信号方向 signal direction 1613.被叫 called 1614.告警控制 alarming control
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    1615.呼叫详细记录 detailed calling record 1616.内部呼叫 internal calling 1617.外部呼叫 external calling 1618.中断组 repeater group 1619.服务级别 service level 1620.电话设备诊断 telephone equipment diagnosis 1621.脉冲编码调制 pulse-code modulation 1622.正常 normal 1623.异常 abnormal 1624.告警 alarm 1625.输入 input 1626.输出 output 1627.信号状态 signal status 1628.结束 end 1629.测试 test 1630.拨号 dial 1631.断开 switch-off 1632.合上 switch-on 1633.重拨 redial 1634.直拨 direct dialing

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    五、电厂术语——电厂化学
    1635.锅炉补给水处理 boiler make-up water treatment 1636.凝结水净化 condensate polishing 1637.化处理 chlorination 1638.化学加药处理 chemical treatment feeding 1639.锅炉水磷酸盐处理 boiler water phosphate treatment 1640.全挥发性处理 all volatile treatment(AVT) 1641.碱性水运行工况 alkaline water conditioning 1642.中性处理 neutral water treatment(NWT) 1643.综合处理 combined water treatment(CWT) 1644.预处理 pretreatment 1645.冷却水处理 cooling water treatment 1646.石灰处理 lime trearment 1647.脱盐(淡化) desalination 1648.海水淡化 sea water desalination 1649.工业废水处理 industrial waste water treatment 1650.锅炉化学清洗 boiler chemical cleaning 1651.酸洗 acid cleaning 1652.碱煮炉 alkaline boil-out 1653.生水 raw water, crude water 1654.澄清水 clarified water
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    1655.软化水 softened water 1656.除盐水(去矿物质水) demineralized water 1657.蒸馏水 distilled water 1658.沉淀 precipitation 1659.沉降 sedimentation 1660.澄清 clarification 1661.过滤 filtration 1662.凝聚 coagulation 1663.肋凝 coagulation-aid 1664.反渗透 reverse osmosis 1665.电渗透 electrodialysis 1666.超滤 ultrafiltration 1667.弱酸氢离子交换 weakly acidic hydrogen cation exchange 1668.强酸氢离子交换 strongly acidic hydrogen cation exchange 1669.弱碱阴离子交换 weakly basic anion exchange 1670.强碱阴离子交换 strongly basic anion exchange 1671.除二氧化碳 decarbonization 1672.除气 deaeration 1673.除铁 deironization 1674.除硅 silica removal 1675.中和 neutralization 1676.反洗 back washing
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    1677.正洗 washing 1678.淋洗 rinsing 1679.空气檫洗 air bump rinse operation(ABRO) 1680.再生 regeneration 1681.对流再生(逆流再生) countercurrent regeneration 1682.顺流再生 cocurrent flow regeneration 1683.体内再生 internal regeneration, in-place regeneration 1684.体外再生 external regeneration 1685.运行周期 cycle length 1686.零排污 zero blowdown, zero discharge 1687.脱色 decolorization 1688.阴极?;?cathodic protection 1689.充氮?;?nitrogen blanketing protection 1690.纯度 purity 1691.携带 carryover 1692.机械携带 mechanical carryover 1693.选择性携带 selective carryover 1694.气相携带(溶解携带) vaporous carryover 1695.暂时消失 hide out 1696.纯化 passivation 1697.去极化 depolarization 1698.氧化作用 oxidation
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    1699.磁化 magnetization 1700.络合 complexing 1701.脆化 brittleness 1702.老化 ageing 1703.污染 pollution 1704.氢脆 hydrogen embrittlement 1705.腐蚀 corrosion 1706.溃蚀(磨蚀) erosion 1707.协同效应 synergistic effect 1708.晶间腐蚀 intercrystalline corrosion 1709.疲劳龟裂 fatigue crack 1710.腐蚀电位 corrosion potential 1711.结垢 scaling 1712.水垢 scale 1713.离子交换树脂 ion exchange resin 1714.惰性树脂 inert resin 1715.均粒树脂 monosphere resin 1716.大孔型树脂 macroreticular resin 1717.凝胶型树脂 gel-type resin 1718.离子交换容量 ion exchange capacity 1719.凝聚剂 coagulant 1720.助凝剂 coagulant-aid
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    1721.絮凝剂 flocculatin agent 1722.缓蚀剂、抑制剂 inhibitor 1723.汽相缓蚀剂 vapor phase inhibitor(VPI) 1724.阻垢剂 antiscalant 1725.去垢剂(洗涤剂) detergent 1726.表面活性剂 surface active agent 1727.杀菌剂 biocide 1728.消毒剂 disinfectant 1729.干燥剂 desiccant 1730.过滤介质 filter medium 1731.锰砂 manganese sand 1732.石英砂 quartz sand 1733.硅藻土 diatomite, diatomaceous earth 1734.白云灰 dolomitic lime 1735.沥青砂 asphalt sand 1736.无烟煤 anthracite 1737.磺化煤 sulfonated coal 1738.卵石 gravel 1739.细砂 fine sand 1740.大理石 marble 1741.砾石 pebble 1742.石榴石 garnet
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    1743.填料 filler 1744.拉?;?rasching ring 1745.电极、电焊条 electrode 1746.甘汞电极 calomel electrode 1747.甘汞参比电极 calomel reference electrode 1748.阳极 anode 1749.阴极 cathode 1750.硫酸 sulfuric acid 1751.盐酸 hydrochloric acid, muriatic acid 1752.氢氧化钠(苛性钠) sodium hydroxide, caustic soda 1753.硫酸亚铁 ferrous sulphate 1754.氯化铝 aluminium chloride 1755.三氯化铁(氯化铁) ferric chloride 1756.硫酸钠 sodium sulfate 1757.氯化钠 sodium chloride, common salt 1758.磷酸三钠 trisodium phosphate 1759.六偏磷酸钠 sodium hexametaphosphate 1760.硫酸铝(无水矾石) sodium aluninate 1761.明矾 alum 1762.石灰 lime 1763.消石灰 lime hydrate 1764.生石灰 calcium lime
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    1765.漂白粉 bleaching power 1766.苏打灰(无水碳酸钠) soda ash 1767.三聚磷酸钠 sodium tripolyphosphate 1768.有机磷酸盐 organic phosphate 1769.环氧树脂 epoxy resin 1770.酚醛树脂 phenolics 1771.环氧玻璃钢 fiber glass epoxy(reinforced) plastic 1772.纤维增强塑料 fiber reinforced plastics 1773.泡沫塑料(多孔塑料) poroplastics 1774.天然橡胶 gum rubber 1775.合成橡胶 synthetic rubber 1776.氯丁橡胶 chloroprene, neoprene 1777.聚四氟乙烯 Teflon 1778.橡胶石棉 rubber asbestos 1779.氟橡胶 fluoroelastomer 1780.硬橡胶 ebonite 1781.半硬橡胶 semiebonite 1782.渗透膜 permeable membrane 1783.半渗透膜 semipermeable membrane 1784.管式组件 tubular module 1785.涡卷型组件 spiral wound module 1786.复合膜 composite membrane
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    1787.醋酸纤维 cellulose acetate 1788.中空纤维组件 hollow fiber module 1789.聚酰胺 polyamide 1790.聚乙烯 polyethylene 1791.聚氯乙烯 polyvinyl chloride(PVC) 1792.苯乙烯 phenylethylene, styrene 1793.二乙烯苯 divinybenzene 1794.丙烯酸 acrylic acid 1795.联氨 hydrazine 1796.耐酸漆 acid-resistant lacquer 1797.防腐漆 anticorrosive lacquer 1798.耐酸瓷砖 acid-resistant ceramic tile 1799.氟利昂 Freon 1800.曝气器 aerator 1801.压力式混合器 pressure mixer 1802.重力式双阀滤池 double valve gravity filter 1803.无阀滤池 valveless filter 1804.单阀滤池 mono-valve filter 1805.接触式双层滤池 double layer contact filter 1806.虹吸滤池 siphon filter 1807.机械加速澄清器 mechanical accelerated clarifier 1808.水力加速澄清器 hygraulic accelerated clarifier
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    1809.脉冲澄清器 pulsator clarifier 1810.压力式过滤器 pressure filter 1811.双流机械过滤器 double flow filter 1812.双层滤料过滤器 double layer filter 1813.卧式过滤器 horizontal filter 1814.高效纤维过滤器 high efficiency fiber filter 1815.细砂过滤器 fine sand filter 1816.管式过滤器(滤芯式过滤器, cartridge filter 弹筒式过滤器) 1817.变孔隙过滤器 varivoid filter 1818.覆盖过滤器 precoat filter 1819.粉末树脂覆盖过滤器 powdex 1820.活性炭过滤器 active carbon filter 1821.电磁过滤器 electromagnetic filter 1822.阳离子交换器 cation exchanger 1823.阴离子交换器 anion exchanger 1824.混床 mixed bed 1825.浮动床 floating bed 1826.双室床 double chamber bed 1827.双层床 stratified bed, stratabed 1828.并联 in parallel 1829.串联 in series
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    1830.水帽 strainer 1831.真空除气器 vaccum deaerator 1832.鼓风机 blower 1833.扩容蒸发器 flash evaporator 1834.搅拌器 agitator 1835.活塞泵 piston pump 1836.柱塞泵 plunger pump 1837.磁力泵 magnetic pump 1838.隔膜泵 diaphragm 1839.计量泵 metering pump 1840.计量箱 metering tank 1841.剂量泵 dosing pump 1842.喷射器 ejector 1843.溶解箱 dissolving tank 1844.溶液箱 solution tank 1845.耐酸隔膜阀 acidproof diaphragm valve 1846.气动阀 pneumatic valve 1847.电磁阀 solenoid valve 1848.??推裟し?normally opened pneumatic diaphragm valve 1849.常闭型气动隔膜阀 normally closed pneumatic diaphragm valve 1850.树脂再生罐 resin regeneration vessel 1851.树脂分离器 resin separation vessel
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    1852.树脂捕捉器 resin trap 1853.分配装置 distributor 1854.取样装置 sampling device 1855.人工取样 manual sampling 1856.自动取样 automatic sampling 1857.取样冷却器 sampling cooler 1858.蛇形冷却管 coil cooling pipe 1859.取样点 sampling point 1860.样品分析 sample analysis 1861.加氯机 chlorinator 1862.氯瓶 chlorine cylinder 1863.次氯酸钠发生器 sodium hypochlorite generator 1864.电解海水 sea water electrolysis 1865.氢气发生器 hydrogen generator 1866.电解槽 electrolyser 1867.电解质 electrolyte 1868.充氢 hydrogen filling 1869.漏氢 hydrogen leakage 1870.漏氢测定仪 hydrogen leakage detector 1871.在线仪表 on-line instrument 1872.硅表 silica-meter 1873.钠表 sodium analyzer
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    1874.氢表 hydrogen analyzer 1875.PH 表 PH meter 1876.深氧表 dissolved oxygen analyzer 1877.联氨表 hydrazine analyzer 1878.磷表 phosphate analyzer 1879.电导率表 conductivity analyzer 1880.余氯测定仪 residual chlorine analyzer 1881.浮子流量计 float flowmeter 1882.液位表 liquid level indicator 1883.黄铜管 brass tube 1884.青铜管 bronze tube 1885.铝黄铜管 aluminum brass tube 1886.海军铜管 naval brass tube, admiralty metal tube 1887.镍铜管(白铜管) copper-nickel tube 1888.脱合金 dealloying 1889.脱锌 dezincification 1890.钛管 titanium tube 1891.衬胶管 rubber lined tube 1892.衬聚丙烯管 polypropylene lining tube 1893.喷塑管 spurted plastic tube 1894.硬聚氯乙烯管 hard igelite tube, rigid polyvinyl chloride tube 1895.塑料管 plastic tube
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    1896.水全分析 complete analysis of water 1897.总固体物 total solid 1898.悬浮固体物 suspended solid 1899.溶解固体物 dissolved solid 1900.机械杂质 mechanical impurity 1901.灼烧减量 loss of ignition 1902.生物需氧量 biological oxygen demand 1903.化学需氧量 chemical oxygen demand 1904.腐殖酸盐 humate 1905.稳定指数 stability index 1906.雷诺数 reynold’s number 1907.污染指数 fouling index(FI) 1908.淤泥密度指数 silt density index(SDI) 1909.透明度 transparency 1910.浊度 turbidity 1911.碱度 alkalinity 1912.导电度 conductivity 1913.硬度 hardness 1914.暂时硬度 temporary hardness 1915.永久硬度 permanent hardness 1916.游离二氧化碳 free carbon dioxide 1917.胶硅 colloidal silica
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    1918.非活性硅 non-activated silica 1919.活性硅 activated silica 1920.沉降速度 sedimentation velocity 1921.溶解度 solubility 1922.不均匀度 heterogenerty 1923.电离(离解) dissociation 1924.离子活度 ionic activity 1925.视密度 apparent density 1926.相对密度 relative density 1927.空隙率(孔隙率) pore volume 1928.膨胀率 expansibility 1929.不可逆反应 irreversible reaction 1930.胶体 colloid 1931.钙 calcium 1932.镁 magnesium 1933.氯化物 chloride 1934.溶解氧 dissolved oxygen 1935.硫酸盐 sulfate 1936.亚硫酸盐 sulfite 1937.臭氧 ozone 1938.强双氧水 perhydrol 1939.过氧化氢 hydrogen peroxide
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    1940.氨 ammonia 1941.氨水 ammonia water 1942.铜 copper 1943.铁 iron 1944.烧杯 beaker 1945.三角烧瓶 Erlenmeyer flask 1946.量筒 measuring cylinder, volumetic cylinder 1947.量杯 measuring cup, measuring glass 1948.容量瓶 volumetric flask 1949.滴定管 buret, burette 1950.移液管 pipet 1951.试管 test tube 1952.比色计 chromometer, colorimeter 1953.表面皿 dish 1954.电炉 electric heater 1955.电热板 electric hot plane 1956.电动震筛机 electrovibration screen 1957.筛子 sieve 1958.筛目 mesh 1959.坩埚 crucible 1960.铂坩埚 platinum crucible 1961.瓷坩埚 porcelain crucible
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    1962.坩埚盖 crucible cover 1963.坩埚钳 crucible tongs 1964.水浴锅 water bath 1965.油浴锅 oil bath 1966.砂浴锅 sand bath 1967.蒸馏器 distillatory 1968.干燥器 desiccator, exsiccator 1969.玛瑙研钵 agate mortar 1970.研钵 mortar 1971.工业天平 industrial balance 1972.微量天平 micro-balance 1973.砝码 weight 1974.离子交换柱 ion-exchange column 1975.恒温箱(烘箱) oven 1976.马弗炉 muffle furnace 1977.离子色谱仪 ion-chromatographic analyzer 1978.原子吸收火焰分光光度仪 atomic absorption spectrophoto meter 1979.全有碳测定仪 total organic carbon analyzer 1980.绝热式热量计 adiabatic calorimeter 1981.光谱分析仪 spectrum analyzer 1982.气相色谱分析仪 gas chromatographic analyzer 1983.显微镜 microscope
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    1984.红外线 ultra-red ray 1985.滴定 titration 1986.氧化-还原滴定 oxidation-reduction titration 1987.分光光度法 spectrophotometry] 1988.化学计算法(化学计量法) stoichiometry 1989.无机分析 inorganic analysis 1990.有机分析 organic analysis 1991.分析终点 analysis end point 1992.化学纯 chemical pure 1993.分析纯 analytical pure 1994.工业纯 industrial pure 1995.酸、碱指示剂 acid-base indicator 1996.甲基橙指示剂 methyl orange indicator 1997.酚酞指示剂 phenolphthalein indicator 1998.当量浓度 equivalent concentration 1999.摩尔浓度 molar concentration 2000.容量百分浓度 percentage concentration by volume 2001.重量百分比浓度 percentage concentration by weight 2002.溶质 solute 2003.溶剂 solvent 2004.油处理 oil treatment 2005.油再生 oil regeneration
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    2006.油净化 oil purification 2007.油的测定 oil measurement 2008.绝缘油 isolation oil 2009.透平油(汽轮机油) turbine oil 2010.润滑油(润滑计) lubricating oil, lubricant 2011.闪点 flash point 2012.凝固点 freezing point 2013.熔点 melting point(MP) 2014.着火点 ignition point 2015.破乳化时间 antiemulsification time 2016.抗氧化安定性 antioxidation stability 2017.酸值 acid value 2018.绝缘强度 isolation strength 2019.监测 monitoring 2020.粘度 viscosity 2021.皂化值 saponification number 2022.硅胶过滤器 silica gel filter 2023.真空滤油机 vaccum oil filter 2024.压力式滤油机 pressure oil filter 2025.添加剂 additive 2026.聚合物 polymer 2027.石蕊试纸 litmus paper
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    2028.酒精 alcohol 2029.高锰酸钾 potassium permanganate 2030.重铬酸钾 potassium dichromate 2031.瞵酸盐 phosphonate 2032.点蚀 pitting 2033.应力腐蚀 stress corrosion 2034.孟兹合金 muntz(metal) 2035.贻贝 mussel 2036.藤壶 barnacles 2037.藻类 algae

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    六、电厂术语——仪表与控制
    2038.热电阻 thermal resistance 2039.热电偶 thermocouple 2040.温度计 thermometer 2041.水银温度计 mercury thermometer 2042.电阻式温度计 resistance thermometer 2043.酒精温度计 alcohol thermometer 2044.双金属温度计 bimetallic thermometer 2045.动圈式显示仪表 moving coil indicator 2046.多点温度巡测仪 multi-point logger 2047.温度变送器 temperature transmitter 2048.温度开关 temperature switch 2049.恒温箱 thermostat, calorstat 2050.冷端补偿器 cold junction compensator 2051.套管插入深度 jacket insertion depth 2052.绝对温度 absolute temperature 2053.平均温度 average temperature 2054.冷端温度 cold end temperature 2055.临界温度 critical temperature 2056.入口温度 inlet temperature 2057.出口温度 outlet temperature
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    2058.表面温度 surface temperature 2059.室内温度 indoor temperature 2060.室外温度 outdoor temperature 2061.工作温度 working temperature 2062.环境温度 ambient temperature 2063.壁温 wall temperature 2064.温差 temperature difference 2065.玻璃管式压力计 glass tube pressure gauge 2066.活塞式压力表 piston type pressure gauge 2067.膜盒式压力表 bellows-gauge 2068.弹簧管压力表 bourdon tube pressure gauge 2069.电接点压力表 electric contact pressure gauge 2070.霍尔压力变送器 hall pressure transmitter 2071.电容式压力变送器 capacitance pressure transmitter 2072.扩散硅压力变送器 diffused silicon pressure transmitter 2073.智能压力变送器 smart pressure transmitter 2074.压力开关 pressure switch 2075.绝对压力 absolute pressure 2076.实际压力 actual pressure 2077.工作压力 working pressure 2078.环境压力 ambient pressure 2079.标准大气压力 standard atmosphere
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    2080.锅炉压力 boiler pressure 2081.临界压力 cirtical pressure 2082.超临界压力 supercritical pressure 2083.亚临界压力 subcritical pressure 2084.入口压力 inlet pressure 2085.出口压力 outlet pressure 2086.差压 differential pressure 2087.背压 back pressure 2088.风压 air pressure 2089.汽压 steam pressure 2090.孔板 orifice plate 2091.喷嘴 nozzle 2092.文丘里管 venture tube 2093.压差变送器 differential pressure transmitter 2094.比例积算器 proportional accumulator, proportional totalizer 2095.流量变送器 flow transmitter 2096.涡轮流量计 turbine flowmeter 2097.磁性流量表 magnetic flowmeter 2098.流量开关 flow switch 2099.给水流量 feed water flow 2100.蒸汽流量 steam flow 2101.总流量 total flow
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    2102.部分流量 partial flow 2103.表面粗糙度 degree of finish 2104.平滑性 flatness 2105.临界截面 throat 2106.同心度 concentricity 2107.液位变送器 level transmitter 2108.电接点液位器 remote level indicator 2109.浮子式液位计 float level indicator 2110.双色液位计 double coloured indicator 2111.液位开关 level switch 2112.电容式料位计 capacitance level meter 2113.核辐射式料位计 radiation level meter 2114.超声波式料位计 ultrasonic level meter 2115.氧化锆氧量计 zirconia oxygen indicator 2116.导电度 conductivity 2117.串轴?;?轴向位移?;? rotor position protection 2118.热膨胀 thermal expansion 2119.胀差 differential expanse 2120.偏心度 eccentricity 2121.转速表 tachometer 2122.震动?;?vibration protection 2123.汽动监视仪表 turbine supervisory instrument(TSI)
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    2124.仿真机 simulator 2125.阴极射线管 cathode-ray tube(CRT) 2126.二线制 two-wire system 2127.标准量程 calibrated span 2128.量程 span 2129.正(负)迁移 positive(negative) elevation 2130.零点压缩 zero suppression 2131.外部负载 external load 2132.温度漂移 temperature drift 2133.静压 static pressure 2134.膜盒 bellows 2135.膜片 diaphragm 2136.波纹管 bellows, corrugated tube 2137.硅有机树脂 silicone 2138.迟滞 hysteresis 2139.再现性 repeatability 2140.阻尼器 snubber, damper 2141.虹吸管 siphon, siphon 2142.电动单元组合仪表 packaged electronic instruments 2143.汽动单元组合仪表 packaged pneumatic instruments 2144.单回路的 single loop 2145.多回路的 multi-loop
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    2146.调节器 regulator 2147.控制器 controller 2148.气动基地式调节仪表 pneumatic local control device 2149.自动调度系统 automatic dispatch system(ADS) 2150.分散控制系统 distributed control system(DCS) 2151.协调控制系统 coordinated control system(CCS) 2152.数据采集系统 data acquisition system(DAS) 2153.炉膛安全监控系统 furnace safeguard supervisory system(FSSS) 2154.燃烧器管理系统 burner management system(BMS) 2155.燃烧器控制系统 burner control system(BCS) 2156.燃烧安全系统 fuel safety system(FSS) 2157.顺序控制系统 sequence control system(SCS) 2158. 数 字 式 电 液 控 制 系 统 system(DEH) 2159.总线 bus 2160.数字控制 digital control 2161.上位计算机 upper computer 2162.通信网络 communication network 2163.人机接口装置 man-machine interface device 2164.数据通信系统 data communication system 2165.协调方式 coordination mode 2166.锅炉跟踪方式 boiler following mode
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    digital electro-hydraulic control

    2167.汽机跟踪方式 turbine following mode 2168.机组负荷指令 unit load command 2169.上下限值 high/low limit 2170.扰动 upset, disturbance 2171.自动调整 automatic adjustment 2172.自动控制 automatic control 2173.自动跟踪 automatic track 2174.人工干预 manual intervention 2175.允许限值 allowable limit 2176.目标负荷 target load 2177.硬手操 hard manual operation 2178.软手操 soft manual operation 2179.衰减 attenuation 2180.偏差 deviation 2181.反馈回路 feedback loop 2182.输入回路 input loop 2183.给定值 set point 2184.系统增益 system gain 2185.偏置调节 bias adjustment 2186.回路偏差 loop error 2187.非线性 nonlinearity 2188.线性 linearity
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    2189.测量值 measured value 2190.被调值 controlled variable 2191.过程变量 process variable 2192.调节量 manipulating variable 2193.控制器输出器 controller output 2194.增益 gain 2195.氧量校正 oxygen correction 2196.三冗余 triple redundancy, triple redundance 2197.二冗余 two redundancy, two redundance 2198.反馈 feedback 2199.前馈 feed forward 2200.阶跃 step 2201.操作响应速度 operation response speed 2202.自适应控制 adapting control 2203.超驰控制 override control 2204.串级控制 cascade control 2205.导前 lead 2206.滞后 lag 2207.调节品质 regulation quality 2208.衰减率 attenuation rate 2209.阻尼 damping 2210.检定(校准) calibrate
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    2211.比例带 proportional band 2212.积分时间 integral time, reset time 2213.微分时间 derivation time 2214.干扰系数 disturbance factor 2215.快速切负荷 fast cut back(FCB) 2216.快速减负荷 run back(RB) 2217.升负荷 run up(RU) 2218.降负荷 run down(RD) 2219.动态特性试验 dynamic characteristic test 2220.静态特性试验 static characteristic test 2221.扰动试验 upset test 2222.开环试验 open loop test 2223.闭环试验 closed loop test 2224.阶跃响应试验 step response curve 2225.方波响应试验 square wave response curve 2226.调节器频率特性曲线 frequency response curve of regulator 2227.系统稳定性 system stability 2228.最大动态偏差 maximum dynamic error 2229.控制过程持续时间 retaining time of control process 2230.传递函数 transfer function 2231.数学模型 mathematical modal 2232.框图 block diagram
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    2233.闭锁增 block increase(BI) 2234.闭锁减 block decrease(BD) 2235.画面 graphic display 2236.趋热显示 trend display 2237.棒状图 bar chart 2238.成组参数 group parameter 2239.特性计算 performance calculation 2240.历史数据 historical data 2241.存储 storage 2242.文字标题 literal title 2243.回路标号 loop label 2244.彩色亮度显示 color highlight display 2245.趋势变量 trend variable 2246.时间标度 time scale 2247.时间基准 time base 2248.优先色 priority 2249.背景颜色 background colour 2250.音响信号 audible signal 2251.报警死区 alarm dead band 2252.瞬态响应 transient response 2253.跳闸一览记录 trip summary log 2254.图象信息 graphic information
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    2255.中间变量 intermedium variable 2256.画面开窗显示 pop-up window display 2257.滚动画面显示 rolling display 2258.画面生成程序 generation program of graphic display 2259.翻页 paging 2260.用户自定义 customized definition 2261.图素组态器 graphic element configurator 2262.检索 retrieval 2263.事故追忆 emergency review 2264.操作指导 operation guide 2265.事故顺序记录 sequence of events(SOE) 2266.双重化 duality 2267.事故诊断 fault diagnosis 2268.信息共享 information sharing 2269.报表记录 log 2270.召唤制表 call-up log 2271.过程点质量判断 quality judgement of process point 2272.工程单位换算 engineering unit conversion 2273.主燃料跳闸 master fuel trip(MFT) 2274.点火燃料跳闸 ignition fuel trip(IFT) 2275.加热燃料油跳闸 warm-up oil fuel trip(OFT) 2276.火焰探头 flame probe
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    2277.火焰监视器 flame scanner 2278.火焰丧失 loss of flame 2279.吹扫 purge 2280.点火器 igniter 2281.泄漏试验 leak test 2282.可编程序控制器 programmable controller 2283.允许条件 permissive condition 2284.操作顺序 operating sequence 2285.跳跃进位 skip 2286.硬逻辑 hard logic 2287.二位控制模件 binary control module 2288.看门狗 watchdog 2289.梯形图 ladder diagram 2290.冗余度 redundancy, redundance 2291.可靠性 reliability 2292.可利用率 availability 2293.灵敏度 sensitivity 2294.精确度 accuracy 2295.温度补偿 temperature compensation 2296.分辨率 resolution 2297.响应时间 response time 2298.负载特性 load characteristic
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    2299.共模抑制化 common mode rejection ratio 2300.差模抑制化 differential mode rejection ratio 2301.灵活性 flexibility 2302.可扩展性 expandability 2303.分散度 dispersity 2304.抗冲击能力 surge withstand capability 2305.工作时间 up time 2306.故障时间 down time 2307.加权因子 weighting factor 2308.空载时间 dead time, idle time 2309.工厂验收试验和指示 factory acceptance test and demonstration 2310.现场可用率试验 site availability test 2311.BTG 控制盘 BTG control panel(boiler, turbine, generator) 2312.辅助设备控制盘 auxiliary equipment control panel 2313.火灾报警盘 fire alarm panel 2314.电源屏 power supply board 2315.?;す?protection cabinet 2316.逻辑柜 logic cabinet 2317.模拟盘 mimic panel 2318.公用盘 common panel 2319.端子柜 terminal cabinet 2320.端子箱 terminal box
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    2321.就地 I/O 柜 local input/output cabinet 2322.仪表 measuring instrument 2323.指示仪表 indicator 2324.记录仪表 recorder 2325.开关 switch 2326.按钮 button, pushbutton 2327.声光报警系统 annuciator 2328.光字牌 alarm window 2329.消音 silence 2330.确认 acknowledgement 2331.复位 reset 2332.闪光 flash 2333.气动执行器 pneumatic actuator 2334.电动执行器 motor operator 2335.阀门定位器 valve positioner 2336.位置发送器 position transmitter 2337.空气过滤器 air filter 2338.电/气转换器 current to pneumatic converter 2339.限位开关 limit switch 2340.锁定机构 lock-up mechanism 2341.信号转换器 signal converter 2342.气动调节阀 pneumatic control valve
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    2343.电动调节阀 electric control valve 2344.操作员站 operator station 2345.工程师站 engineer station 2346.值长操作台 shift supervisor station 2347.手动/自动操作站 A/M station 2348.报表打印机 log printer 2349.画面拷贝机 video copier 2350.鼠标器 mouse 2351.光笔 light pen 2352.触摸式屏幕 touch screen 2353.驱动器 drive 2354.软盘驱动器 floppy disk drive 2355.硬盘驱动器 hard disk drive 2356.磁带驱动器 tape drive 2357.光盘驱动器 optical disk drive 2358.键盘 keyboard 2359.跟踪球 trace ball 2360.操作站 operation station 2361.计时器 timer 2362.缓冲器 buffer 2363.模数转换器 A/D converter 2364.自锁装置 self-lock device
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    2365.存储器 storage, memory 2366.只读存储器 read only memory(ROM) 2367.随机存取存储器 randon access memory(RAM) 2368. 可 檫 可 编 程 只 读 存 储 器 erasable programmable read only memory(EPROM) 2369. 电 可 改 写 只 读 存 储 器 memory(EAROM) 2370.磁泡存储器 magnetic bubble storage 2371.延时 time delay 2372.速率限制 rate limit 2373.函数发生器 function generator 2374.在线 on line 2375.离线 off line 2376.单脉冲 single pulse 2377.子程序 subroutine 2378.寄存器 register 2379.扩展 extension 2380.扫描 scan 2381.刷新 update 2382.报警状态 alarm status 2383.循环冗余检查 cyclic redundancy check 2384.代码 code
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    electrically-alterable read only

    2385.阻塞 clogging 2386.光导纤维 optical fiber 2387.网间连接器 gateway 2388.传输速率 transmission rate 2389.源程序 source program 2390.汉字显示功能 Chinese character display function 2391.控制模件 control module 2392.平方根 square root 2393.加法 addition 2394.减法 substraction 2395.乘法 multiplication 2396.除法 division 2397.带增益加法器 summer with gain 2398.脉冲速率 pulse rate 2399.逻辑功能 logic function 2400.微处理器 microprocessor 2401.卡件 card 2402.实时时钟 real time clock 2403.转换触点 change over contact 2404.计数器 counter 2405.堆栈 stack 2406.积算器 intergrater
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    2407.切换装置 transfer device 2408.工业电视 industrial TV 2409.I/O 卡件 I/O card 2410.主控制器 main controller 2411.放大器 amplifier 2412.自检 self-check 2413.供电单元 power supply unit 2414.滤波器 filter 2415.自保持 retention 2416.非自保持 non-retention 2417.步进 step forward 2418.返回 return 2419.跳步 jump 2420.中断 interrupt 2421.电磁噪声 electromagnetic noise 2422.光电耦合 photomagnetic coupling 2423.保留 retain 2424.删除 delect 2425.奇偶校验 parity check 2426.厅偶出错 parity error 2427.超限差错 overrun error 2428.生成 generation
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    2429.组态 configuration 2430.不停电电源 uninterrupted power supply 2431.节点 node 2432.源节点 source node 2433.系统规模 system scale 2434.系统最大延时 system maximum delay 2435.误码率 bite error rate 2436.容错性能 fault tolerance performance 2437.应用和维护性能 application and maintenance performance 2438.发送 send, transmit 2439.接收 receive 2440.字 word 2441.位 bit 2442.字节 byte 2443.单工 simplex 2444.双工 duplex 2445.半双工 half-duplex 2446.全双工 full-duplex 2447.异步传输 asynchronous transmission 2448.同步传输 synchronous transmission 2449.起始值 initial value 2450.数据库 data base
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    2451.停止位 stop bit 2452.调制解调器 modulator-demodulator(MODEM) 2453.传输协议 analog value 2454.模拟量 analog value 2455.数字量 digital value 2456.脉冲量 pulse value 2457.算法 algorithm 2458.算术运算 arithmetic operation 2459.逻辑运算 logic operation 2460.备用 back-up, stand-by 2461.兼容 compatibility 2462.大规模集成电路 large scale intergrated circuit(LSIC) 2463.尖峰电压 peak voltage 2464.并行处理 parallel processing 2465.串行处理 serial processing 2466.自诊断 self-diagnosis 2467.仪表完好率 instrument availability 2468.仪表故障率 instrument fault rate 2469.自控投入率 availability of automatic control device

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    七、电厂术语——燃料
    2470.贮煤场 coal yard 2471.停泊场 berthing space 2472.锚链挚动器 cable stopper, chain stopper 2473.浮标 buoy, float rod 2474.系船柱 bollard, dolphin 2475.防波堤 wave breaker, wave wash lever 2476.防沙堤 sand-protecting dam 2477.导流堤 guide dike 2478.防潮堤 tide embankment 2479.铁路专用线 special service railroad 2480.卸煤栈台 coal unloading platform 2481.卸煤装置 coal unloading device 2482.运煤船 coal carrier 2483.卸煤场 coal unloading yard, coal dumping line 2484.牵引能力 tractive capability 2485.卸车线 dumping track, dumping line 2486.调车设备 switching equipment 2487.翻车机 wagon tipper, tipping device, tippler 2488.输煤机 coal conveyor 2489.斗轮机取料机 bucket wheel stacker and reclaimer
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    2490.堆煤机 stacker 2491.推煤机 coal bulldozer 2492.取料机 reclaimer 2493.刮板式堆煤机 scraper stacker 2494.悬挂筒式磁铁分离器 suspending magnetic separator 2495.带式磁铁分离器 belt magnetic separator 2496.木屑分离器 wood chip separator 2497.滚筒式磁铁分离器 drum magnetic separator 2498.输煤集中控制室 central control room for coal handling 2499.输煤栈桥 coal belt conveyor gallery 2500.露天式栈桥 open belt conveyor gallery 2501.封闭式栈桥 enclosed belt gallery 2502.转运站 coal transfer house 2503.转运塔 coal transfer tower 2504.输煤系统 coal handling system 2505.重车线 loaded track, full-load line 2506.空车线 empty-track, empty line 2507.卸煤机 coal unloader 2508.抓斗卸煤机 clamshell coal unloader 2509.缆索式卸煤机 cable coal unloader 2510.可变伸缩卸煤机 luffing crane coal unloader 2511.螺旋卸车机 screw unloader
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    2512.斗链卸车机 bucker unloader 2513.伸缩式落煤管 telescope-type coal chute 2514.卸煤沟 ground hopper, track hoppers 2515.贮煤筒仓 coal silo 2516.煤位计 coal locator, coal levelmeter 2517.煤位信号 coal locating level signal 2518.漏斗 hopper 2519.配煤 coal blending 2520.混煤 mixed coal 2521.卸煤桥 loading and unloading bridge 2522.门式抓煤机 gantry type coal grab 2523.桥式抓煤机 bridge type coal grab 2524.带式输送机(皮带机) belt conveyor 2525.筛煤机 coal screen 2526.振动筛 vibrating screen 2527.辊轴筛 roller screen 2528.输煤皮带 conveyor belt 2529.皮带跑偏 belt side skid 2530.电子皮带称 electronic scale 2531.汽车衡 truck scale 2533.静态称 stationary weighing scale 2534.动态称 moving weighing scale
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    2535.减速机 reducer 2536.头部滚筒 head drum 2537.尾部滚筒 tail drum 2538.拉紧滚筒 tension drum 2539.传动滚筒 drum roll 2540.传动架(皮带机架) conveyor rack 2541.托辊 roller, idler 2542.承重托辊 carrying idler 2543.返回托辊 return idler 2544.导向托辊 guiding idler 2545.调心托辊 aligning idler 2546.缓冲托辊 cushion idler 2547.双路 double lines 2548.单路 single lines 2549.皮带速度 belt velocity 2550.皮带宽度 belt width 2551.皮带输送量(出力) belt conveying capacity 2552.皮带拉紧装置 belt tensioning device 2553.驱动功率 driving power 2554.单驱动 single drive 2555.双驱动 double drive 2556.租进器 cushion stopper
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    2557.煤场设备 coal yard equipment 2558.日用煤场 active pile, live storage 2559.煤场喷水设备 coal yard sprinkling facility 2560.碎煤机 coal crusher 2561.环式碎煤机 ring type coal crusher 2562.反击式碎煤机 reactive type coal crusher 2563.齿辊式碎煤机 toothed roller crusher 2564.齿盘式碎煤机 toothed disc crusher 2565.锤式碎煤机 hammer type coal crusher 2566.解冻装置 thawing plant 2567.干煤棚 dry coal shed 2568.存煤量 coal storage 2569.煤场堆积系数 coal yard stockpile coefficient 2570.煤场排水沟 coal yard drainage cannal 2571.挡煤墙 coal bulkhead 2572.机车 locomotive 2573.内燃机车 diesel locomotive 2574.电动机车 electro-locomotive 2575.调车机车 switching locomotive 2576.摘钩 uncoupling, disengagement 2577.码头 wharf, dock 2578.泊位 berthage
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    2579.自卸船 self-unloading carrier 2580.公路运输受煤站 coal receiving facility for truck transportation 2581.来煤不均匀系数 irregularity coefficient of coal delivery 2582.车皮 wagon 2583.自卸车 self-dumping truck, self-dumping wagon 2584.梨煤器 coal plough, coal plow 2585.落煤斗 coal hopper 2586.叶轮给煤机 paddle coal feeder 2587.导煤槽 coal guide trough 2588.斜皮带机 inclined belt conveyor 2589.水平皮带机 horizontal belt conveyor 2590.三通落煤管 three-way coal chute 2591.跨越梯 crossover ladder 2592.洒水系统 sprinkling system 2593.喷水防尘设施 spray dedusting facility 2594.煤斗防冻设施 coal hopper anti-freeze facility 2595.振动器 vibrator 2596.往复式给煤机 reciprocating feeder 2597.滚筒式给煤机 drum feeder 2598.带式给煤机 belt feeder 2599.金属探测器 metal detector 2600.振动给煤机 vibration coal feeder
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    2601.消防通道 fire fighting passway 2602.实物校验装置 object calibration device 2603.起吊孔 lifting hole 2604.气力拱破系统 pneumatic coal arch breaking system 2605.电动固定式梨式卸煤机 motor-operated fixed coal plough 2606.电动移动式梨式卸煤机 motor-operated movable coal plough 2607.配煤车 coal tripper, belt tripper 2608.储油罐 oil tank 2609.油槽车 oil tanker, oil-tank car 2610.输油泵 oil transfer pump 2611.卸油栈台 oil drain platform 2612.卸油泵 oil drain pump 2613.卸油管 oil drain pipe 2614.供油泵 oil feed pump 2615.供油母管 oil supply mains 2616.供油系统 oil supply mains 2617.脱水 dewatering 2618.伴热管道 heat trace piping 2619.滤油器 oil filter 2620.重力式滤油器 gravity oil filter 2621.离心式滤油器 centrifugal filter 2622.吸附式过滤器 adsorption filter
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    2623.排油泵 oil drain pump 2624.污油处理设备 dirty oil treatment facility 2625.集油泵 collected oil pump 2626.集油池 oil collecting basin 2627.除油池 oil removal basin 2628.污油池 dirty oil basin 2629.污油泵 dirty oil pump 2630.污水池 sewage basin 2631.储气罐 gas tank 2632.煤气减压装置 gas pressure reducing equipment 2633.倒罐操作 transit operation 2634.采样机 sampler 2635.破碎-切碎机 coal crushing-cutting machine 2636.燃煤品种 category of coal 2637.无烟煤 anthracite 2638.贫煤 meager coal, lean coal 2639.烟煤 bituminous coal 2640.褐煤 lignite, lignite coal 2641.泥煤 peat 2642.页岩 shale 2643.洗煤 washed coal 2644.洗中煤 middlings
    133

    2645.优质煤 high quality coal 2646.劣质煤 low quality coal 2647.煤矸石 gangue 2648.高硫煤 high sulphur coal, sulphur coal 2649.低硫煤 low sulphur coal 2650.煤颗粒度 coal size 2651.煤粉细度 fineness of pulverized coal 2652.流动性 fluidity 2653.结焦性 coking property 2654.结渣性 slagging property 2655.粘结性 cohesiveness 2656.煤质分析 coal analysis 2657.元素分析 ultimate analysis 2658.工业分析 proximate analysis 2659.低位发热量 low heating value(LHV) 2660.高位发热量 high heating value(HHV) 2661.分析质 as analysed basis 2662.有机质 organic basis 2663.工作质 as-fired basis 2664.干燥质 dry basis 2665.可燃质 combustible basis 2666.挥发份 volatile matter
    134

    2667.固定碳 fixed carbon 2668.固有水分 inherent moisture 2669.表面水分 surface moisture 2670.全水分 total moisture 2671.可磨性系数 grindability index 2672.灰变形温度 ash deformation temperature(t1) 2673.灰软化温度 ash softening temperature(t2) 2674.灰熔化温度 ash fusion temperature, ash melting point(t3) 2675.灰比电阻 specific resistance of ash 2676.设计煤种 design coal 2677.校核煤种 check coal 2678.重油 heavy oil 2679.轻油 light oil 2680.柴油 diesel oil 2681.燃料油 fuel oil 2682.粘度 viscosity 2683.凝点 pour point 2684.闪点 flash point 2685.甲烷 methane 2686.乙烷 ethane 2687.丙烷 propane 2688.煤气 gas
    135

    八、电厂术语——综合管理部分
    2872.长度 length 2873.面积 area 2874.体积(容积) volume 2875.质量 mass 2876.重量 weight 2877.能量 energy 2878.形状 shape 2879.方形 square 2880.圆形 round 2881.三角形 triangle 2882.半径 radius 2883.直径 diameter 2884.周长 circumference, perimeter 2885.参数 parameter 2886.工况 operating condition 2887.温度 temperature 2888.压力 pressure 2889.力矩 moment of force 2890.时间常数 time constant 2891.真空 vacuum
    136

    2892.流量 flow, flow capacity 2893.比热 specific heat 2894.比容 specific volume 2895.热流量 heat flow 2896.吸热 heat absorption, thermal absorption 2897.吸热反应 endothermic reaction 2898.放热 heat liberation, heat release 2899.压缩 compression 2900.膨胀 expansion 2901.节流 throttle 2902.正压 positive pressure 2903.负压 negative pressure 2904.起动 start-up, starting 2905.空转 idle running 2906.?;?shutdown, outage, stoppage 2907.试验 test 2908.检测 detection, test 2909.并联 parallel connection 2910.串联 series connection 2911.过热 overheat 2912.再热 reheat 2913.回热 regeneration
    137

    2914.饱和蒸汽 saturated steam 2915.允许温度 allowable temperature 2916.干度 dryness 2917.水蒸汽 steam, water vapor 2918.焓 enthalpy 2919.熵 entropy 2920.郎肯循环(兰金循环) rankine cycle 2921.卡诺循环 carnot cycle 2922.气体 gas 2923.液体 liquid 2924.固体 solid 2925.海拔 altitude 2926.标高 elevation 2927.规程 rules, regulation 2928.运行规程 operation rules(regulations) 2929.工艺规程 process rules(regulations) 2930.检修规程 maintenance rules(regulations) 2931.安全规程 safety rules(regulations) 2932.反事故措施 anti-accident measures 2933.防火措施 fire-prevention measures 2934.防爆措施 explosion prevention measure 2935.维护 maintenance
    138

    2936.缺陷处理 defect treatment 2937.铭牌 nameplate 2938.合格证书 passport, certificate 2939.国际单位 international unit 2940.技术检验记录 technical check record 2941.技术资料 technical information, technical data 2942.检修间 repair shop, service shop 2943.检修记录 repair record, maintenance 2944.检查性试验 check-up test 2945.日常检查 daily inspection, routine inspection 2946.定期检查 periodic repair 2947.解体检查 repair with disassembly 2948.现场检修 on-site repair 2949.临时检修 temporary repair, running repair 2950.试运行 trial operation 2951.事故 accident, emergency 2952.占地指标 land allocation 2953.绿化面积 area of greenery space 2954.绿化系数 greenery factor, greening factor 2955.发电量 power generation, generated energy 2956.装机容量 installed capacity 2957.额定转速 rated speed
    139

    2958.线损率 line loss rate 2959.热耗率(热耗) heat consumption rate 2960.耗煤率(煤耗) coal consumption rate 2961.供电标准耗煤率 net standard coal consumption rate 2962.发电标准耗煤率 gross standard coal consumption rate 2963.厂前区面积 area of administrative zone 2964.建筑系数 building coverage 2965.场地利用系数 site utilization factor 2966.百万千瓦耗水指标 water consumption per GW 2967.发电成本 power generation cost 2968.单位千瓦造价 cost per KW 2969.烟气排放标准 flue gas emission standard 2970.污水排放标准 sewage discharge standard 2971.职工定员 personnel quota 2972.运行可用率 operation availability 2973.运行可靠性 operation reliability 2974.利用小时数 number of utilization hours 2975.三材消耗率(钢/水泥/木材) consumption of steel, cement and timber 2976.生活福利区面积 living and welfare facility zone area 2977.年耗煤量 annual coal consumption 2978.小时耗煤量 hourly coal consumption
    140

    2979.单元机组联合试运行 integral trial operation of unit plant 2980.设备效率 equipment efficiency 2981.设备利用率 equipment capacity factor 2982.设备缺陷 equipment defector 2983.热备用状态 hot reserve 2984.冷备用状态 cold reserve 2985.设备备用 equipment in reserve 2986.紧急备用 emergency reserve 2987.停止备用 stop standby 2988.凝汽式电厂 condensing power plant 2989.热电厂 cogeneration power plant 2990.坑口电厂 mine-mouth power plant 2991.路口电厂 railway-side power plant 2992.港口电厂 port power plant 2993.核电站 nuclear power plant 2994.水电站 hydropower plant(station) 2995.抽水蓄能电站 pumped storage power station 2996.风力发电站 wind power station 2997.太阳能发电站 solar power station 2998.地热电站 geothermal power station 2999.柴油发电厂 diesel generating power station 3000. 燃气蒸汽联合循环电厂 steam and gas turbine combined-cycle
    141

    power plant 3001.燃气轮机电厂 gas turbine power plant 3002. 煤气化联合循环电厂 integral gasified combined-cycle power plant 3003.自备电站 captive power plant 3004.峰荷电站 peak load power plant(station) 3005.基荷电站 base load power plant 3006.新建电厂 newly-built power plant 3007.扩建工程 extension project 3008.技术改造工程 technical renovation project 3009.初步可行性研究 preliminary feasibility study 3010.概念设计 conceptual design 3011.预设计 predesign 3012.初步设计 preliminary design 3013.施工图设计 detail design 3014.施工组织设计 construction organization design 3015.设计审查 design review, design examination 3016.设计审批 design examination and approval 3017.设计回访 feedback on design quality 3018.计算书 calculation sheet 3019.技术规范书 technical specifications 3020.设计说明书 design instructions
    142

    3021.总工程师 chief designer 3022.设计总工程师 project chief engineer 3023.主要设计人 chief designer 3024.设计人 designer 3025.校核人 checker 3026.描图号 tracer 3027.晒图 blueprint 3028.复印 copying 3029.装订 binding 3030.出版 publication 3031.工地代表 site resident representative 3032.项目建议书 project proposal 3033.可研批复 comments on and approve of feasibility study report 3034.中外合作设计 sino-foreign cooperative design 3035.设计联络会 design liaison meeting 3036.行业标准 industrial standard 3037.国家标准 national standard 3038.技术标准 technical standard 3039.项目咨询 project consultation 3040.设备选择 equipment selection 3041.建议规模 construction scale 3042.工程设想 engineering projection
    143

    3043.电力系统地理接线图 geographical system connection diagram 3044.负荷测试 load forecast 3045.总平面布置图 general layout 3046.竖向布置图 vertical layout drawing 3047.厂区地下沟道图 plant-area underground piping and culverts drawing 3048.交通运输 communication and transportation 3049.煤源 coal source 3050.水源 water source 3051.接入系统 connection to power system 3052.经济效益分析 economic benefit analysis 3053.热力系统图 thermodynamic system diagram 3054.主厂房布置图 main machine building arrangement drawing 3055.燃烧系统图 combustion system diagram 3056.供水系统图 water supply system diagram 3057.除灰系统图 ash handling system diagram 3058.工业水处理系统 industrial water system diagram 3059.化学水处理系统图 chemical water treatment system diagram 3060.锅炉点火系统图 boiler ignition system diagram 3061.电气主接线图 main wiring diagram, main electrical connection diagram 3062.单元系统图 unit system diagram
    144

    3063.一次系统图 primary system diagram 3064.二次系统 secondary system diagram 3065.励磁系统图 excitation system diagram 3066.输电电压等级 transmission voltage grade(class) 3067.回路数 loop number 3068.纵向布置 longitudinal arrangement 3069.横向布置 transversal arrangement 3070.室内布置 indoor arrangement 3071.露天布置 outdoor arrangement, open-air arrangement 3072.半露天布置 semi-outdoor arrangement, semi-open-air arrangement 3073.环境影响评价报告 environmental impact assessment report 3074.推荐方案 recommended proposal 3075.优化方案 optimum proposal 3076.工程地质 engineering geology 3077.工程测量 engineering survey 3078.水文气象 hydrometeorology 3079.岩土工程 rock and earth engineering 3080.水文地质 hydrogeology 3081.物理勘探 physical prospecting 3082.航测 aerial survey 3083.地层结构 stratum structure 3084.地震烈度 seismic intensity, earthquake intensity
    145

    3085.地质断裂 geologic fracture, geologic rift 3086.地耐力 earth bearing capacity 3087.天然地基 natural foundation 3088.人工地基 artificial foundation, artificial base 3089.软土地基 soft soil base 3090.地基处理 base treatment, foundation treatment 3091.桩型选择 pile type selection 3092.打桩 piling, pile driving 3093.试桩 trial piling 3094.预制桩 precast pile 3095.钢板桩 steel sheet pile 3096.钢管桩 steel pipe pile 3097.夯实 ramming ,tamping 3098.地下水 ground water, underground water 3099.地表水 surface water 3100.泉水 spring, spring water 3101.储量 reserve 3102.迳流量 run-off volume 3103.勘测大纲 survey outline 3104.初步勘测 preliminary survey 3105.详细勘测 detailed survey 3106.最终勘测 final survey
    146

    3107.河势分析 river potential analysis 3108.航道 waterway 3109.主厂房 main machine hall, main power building 3110.汽机房 turbine hall, turbine house 3111.除氧间(除气间) deaerator bay 3112.煤仓间 bunker bay 3113.锅炉房 boiler hall, boiler house 3114.烟囱 chimney, stack 3115.单管烟囱 single-shaft chimney(stack) 3116.多管烟囱 multi-shaft chimney(stack) 3117.脱硫装置 desulphurization equipment 3118.铁路专用线 plant service railway line, special service railway line 3119.铁路专用线接轨点 special service railway coupling point 3120.灰场 ash yard 3121.山谷灰场 valley ash yard 3122.渣场 slag yard 3123.灰坝 ash dam 3124.事故灰场 emergency ash yard 3125.近期 near future, short-term 3126.远期 future, long-term 3127.屋顶 roof 3128.屋架 roof truss
    147

    3129.屋架下弦标高 roof truss lower chord elevation 3130.天窗 skylight 3131.远转层 operation floor 3132.底层 ground floor 3133.皮带层 belt conveyor floor 3134.地下室 basement 3135.电缆沟 cable trench 3136.电缆隧道 cable tunnel 3137.集水坑 water collection pit 3138.梁 beam 3139.柱 column, pillar 3140.楼板 floor slab 3141.网格板 grating plate 3142.平台 platform 3143.扶梯 stair 3144.地面 ground 3145.牛腿 bracket 3146.下水道 sewer 3147.设备基础 equipment foundation 3148.抗震架构 shockproof structure, aseis-matic structure 3149.跨度 span 3150.柱距 column space
    148

    3151.钢结构 steel structure 3152.钢筋混凝土结构 reinforced concrete structure 3153.预制构件 precast parts, prefabricated parts 3154.空心板 hollow block 3155.压型钢板 channeled steel plate 3156.沟盖板 trench cover plate 3157.防浪堤 revetment 3158.涵洞 culvert 3159.防火距离 fire proof distance 3160.装饰标准 decoration standard 3161.环境?;?environmental protection 3162.污水处理站 sewage treatment station 3163.干法脱硫 dry desulphurization 3164.湿法脱硫 wet desulphurization 3165.综合利用 comprehensive utilization 3166.环保检测站 environmental monitoring 3167.制氢站 hydrogen generation station 3168.制氧站 oxygen generation station 3169.变压器检修间 transformer maintenance room 3170.空压机间 air compressor room 3171.输煤综合楼 coal handling complex building 3172.网络控制楼 grid control building, network control building
    149

    3173.生产办公楼 plant service building 3174.化学水处理间 chemical water treatment room 3175.修配厂 repair workshop 3176.油罐区 oil tank zone 3177.重油罐 heavy oil tank 3178.消防器材 fire-fighting equipment 3179.泡沫消防 foam fire extinguishing 3180.消防拴 fire hyfrant 3181.翻车机室 wagon tipper house 3182.推煤机库 coal bulldozer house 3183.煤场 coal yard 3184.干煤棚 dry coal shed 3185.混煤仓 mixed coal silo 3186.输煤皮带栈桥 coal belt conveyor gallery 3187.行政办公楼 administrative building 3188.传达室 reception room 3189.单身宿舍楼 dormitory 3190.食堂 dining room, canteen 3191.医院 hospital 3192.俱乐部 club 3193.礼堂 auditorium, assembly hall 3194.商店 shop, store
    150

    3195.码头 wharf 3196.煤码头 coal unloading wharf, coal jetty 3197.油码头 oil unloading wharf 3198.大件运输码头 heavy goods wharf 3199.冷却水塔 cooling tower 3200.水库 reservoir 3201.库容 reservoir capacity 3202.蓄水池 water storage pond 3203.最高洪水位 maximum flood level 3204.厂址标高 site elevation 3205.冲沟 rush channel 3206.渗漏 leakage, seepage 3207.排洪渠(沟) flood discharge channel 3208.围墙 enclosing wall, enclosure 3209.主导风向(东、南、西、北) prevailing wind direction(east,west, south, north) 3210.平均风速 average wind speed 3211.最大风速 maximum wind speed 3212.上风向 upwind direction 3213.下风向 downwind direction 3214.城市规划 city planning 3215.采暖 heating
    151

    3216.空调 air conditioning 3217.照明 lighting 3218.日光灯 fluorescent lamp 3219.白炽灯 incandescent lamp 3220.通风 ventilation 3221.热交换器 heat exchange 3222.机械排风 mechanical ventilation, mechanical draft 3223.施工机械 construction machine 3224.大型吊车 heavy-duty crane 3225.塔吊 tower crane 3226.坦克吊 caterpillar crane 3227.门型吊 gantry crane 3228.拆迁 removal and rebuilding 3229.征地 land acquisition 3230.租地 land leasing 3231.工程承包 project contracting 3232.工程监理 project supervision 3233.交钥匙工程 turn-key project 3234.大修 overhaul 3235. 小 修 maintenance 3236.中修 periodic maintenance
    152

    routine maintenance, running maintenance, minor

    3237.临修 temporary maintenance, regular maintenance 3238.非计划检查 unplanned maintenance 3239.丁烷 butane 3240.丁烷气 butagas 3241.单元制 unit system 3242.母管制 header system 3243.冷态起动 cold start 3244.热态起动 hot start 3245.快速起动 quick start 3246.变压运行 variable pressure operation 3247.滑参数起动 starting at sliding parameters 3248.汽机快速冷却装置 turbine quick cooling device 3249.安装 erection, installation 3250.调试 test and adjustment 3251.试运行 trial operation 3252.值班 on-duty 3253.巡回检查 patrol and inspection 3254.事故预想 accident anticipation 3255.反事故演习 anti-accident exercise 3256.技术问答 technical interrogation and reply 3257.考问讲解 oral examination and explanation 3258.保温 heat insulation, thermal insulation
    153

    3259.油漆 paint 3260.节能 energy conservation, energy saving 3261.节水 water saving 3262.节电 power saving, power conservation 3263.节约用电 economizing land in use 3264.灭火器 fire extinguisher 3265.泡沫灭火器 foam fire extinguisher 3266.土方开挖 earth excavation 3267.回填土 backfilled earth 3268.仿真机(模拟机) simulator 3269.检修 maintenance, repair 3270.运行 operation, running 3271.涉外谈判 negotiation with foreigners 3272.独立自主 maintaining independence and keeping the initiative in one’s own hands 3273.自力更生 relying on one’s own efforts 3274.沿海地区 coastal areas 3275.经济特区 special economic zone 3276.出口贸易 export trade 3277.商品 commodity 3278.出口额 export volume 3279.出口许可证 export license
    154

    3280.法人 legal person 3281.企业法人 legal entity 3282. 法人代表 representative of legal entity, representative of legal person 3283.业主 owner 3284.超额累进税 surtax 3285.比例税 proportional tax 3286.承包工程 contracting project 3287.出口关税 export duty 3288.注册资本额 registered capital amount 3289.多边支援 multilateral assistance 3290.专利权 patent, patent right 3291.商标权 trademark right 3292.固定资产 fixed assets 3293.工业产权 industrial property 3294.资源开发 resources development, resources exploitation 3295.子公司 subsidiary company, branch company 3296.母公司 holding company, parent company 3297.国际债券 international bond 3298.生产线 production line 3299.流动资金 current capital, current fund 3300.托收 collection
    155

    3301.银行信贷 bank credit 3302.海运提单 ocean bill of lading, ocean waybill 3303.签定合同 contract signing 3304.备用信用证 standby letter of credit 3305.条款 terms and conditions 3306.询价 inquiry 3307.顺汇 favorable exchange 3308.逆汇 reverse remittance 3309.相对免赔率 franchise 3310.汇票 draft 3311.共同海损 general average 3312.离岸品质 shipping quality 3313.到岸品质 arrival quality 3314.国际投资银行 international investment Bank 3315.国际金融公司 international finance Corporation 3316.劳务贸易 service trade 3317.银团贷款 syndicated loan 3318.项目选定 project identification 3319.项目准备 project preparation 3320.项目评估 project appraisal 3321.项目谈判 project negotiation 3322.项目执行与监督 project implementation and supervision
    156

    3323.项目后评估 project evaluation 3324.出口信贷 export credit 3325.利息期 interest period 3326.软贷款 soft loan 3327.硬贷款 hard loan 3328.合同 contract 3329.混合贷款 blend 3330.协议 agreement 3331.意向书 letter of intent 3332.项目经济评价 project economic evaluation 3333.资金筹措 fund raising 3334.比例分配 proportional distribution 3335.股份 share 3336.董事会 board of directors 3337.董事长 chairman of the board 3338.总经理 president, general manager 3339.易货贸易 barter trade, barter 3340.集资 fund collection 3341.融资 financing 3342.外汇偿还能力 foreign exchange repaying ability 3343.设备费 equipment 3344.价格 price
    157

    3345.人工费 labour cost 3346.征地价格 land acquisition price 3347.进口范围 import scope 3348.国产设备 domestic manufactured equipment 3349.建设期贷款利率 interest rate during construction 3350.流动资金贷款利率 current fund loan interest rate 3351.工程投资估算 project cost estimate 3352.工程投资概算 project budgetary estinate 3353.工程投资决算 final accounts of project cost 3354.调整概算 budgetary estimate adjustment 3355.工程投资预算 project budget 3356.设备验收 equipment acceptance 3357.国家开发银行 state development bank 3358.商业贷款 commercial loan 3359.经济用语 economic expressions 3360.投资回收年限 investment recovery period 3361.总投资 total investment 3362.注册资本 registered capital 3363.信贷资本 credit proceeds 3364.敏感性分析 sensitive analysis 3365.电价 electricity price, electricity tariff 3366.煤价 coal price, coal tariff
    158

    3367.汇率 exchange rate 3368.静态 static status 3369.动态 dynamic status 3370.金融 finance 3371.资本 capital 3372.离岸价格 FOB price (free on board) 3373.到岸价格 CIF price (cost, insurance, freight) 3374.运输费 freight 3375.风险费 risk premium 3376.保险金 insurance premium 3377.签字仪式 signing ceremony 3378.招商 inviting businessmen to invest 3379.租赁 lease 3380.证券 securities 3381.税率 taxation rate 3382.经营 management 3383.盈利 profiting 3384.亏损 lossing 3385.效益 benefit 3386.货币 currency 3387.售电价格 electricity selling price 3388.市场经济 market economy
    159

    3389.市场竞争 market competition 3390.计划经济 planned economy 3391.独立核算 independent accounting 3392.中外合资企业 Sino-foreign joint venture enterprise 3393.固定资产所有权 ownership of fixed assets 3394.建议银行 construction bank 3395.亚洲开发银行 Asian development bank 3396.世界银行 world bank 3397.招标 inviting bids 3398.投标 submitting a bid, submitting a tender 3399.投标人 bidder 3400.投标书 bid, tender 3401.中标人 bid winner, successful bidder 3402.招标文件 bidding documents 3403.投标价格 bid price 3404.售标 selling bidding document 3405.评标 bid evaluation 3406.废标 bid rejection 3407.国际竞争式招标 international competitive bidding 3408.国内竞争式招标 local competitive bidding 3409.有限国内招标 limited international bidding 3410.授予合同 award of contract
    160

    3411.投标书有效期 validity period of bid 3412.投标保证金 bid security 3413.资格预审 prequalification 3414.资格后审 post qualification 3415.标书澄清 clarification of bidding document 3416.标书修改 amendment of bidding document 3417.重新招标 rebidding 2418.国务院 state council 2419.国家计委 state planning commission 2420.国家经贸委 state economic and trade commission 2421.财政部 ministry of finance 2422.劳动部 ministry of labour 2423.电力工业部 ministry of electric power industry 2424.煤炭工业部 ministry of coal industry 2425.铁道部 ministry of railway 2426.省人民政府 provincial people’s government 2427.省计委 provincial planning commission 2428.省建委 provincial construction commission 2429.公安局 public security bureau 2430.国家土地管理局 state land administration 3431.规划局 planning bureau 3432.劳动局 labour bureau
    161

    3433.环保局 environmental protection bureau 3434.水利局 water conservation bureau 3435.地震局 seismological bureau 3436.铁路局 railway administration, 3437.公路局 highway administration, highway bureau 3438.港务局 port administration, port authority 3439.城建设计院 urban construction design institute 3440.航道设计院 navigation-way administration 3441.铁道设计院 railway design institute 3442.电力集团公司 power group corporation 3443.省电力局 provincial electric power bureau 3444.供电局 power supply bureau 3445.电力设计院 electric power design institute 3446.变电所 substation 3447.电厂筹建处 power plant preparatory office 3448. 华 能 国 际 电 力 开 发 公 司 development corporation 3449.华能发电公司 Huaneng power generation corporation 3450.华能集团 Huaneng group 3451.厂长室 plant director office 3452.总工室 chief-engineer office 3453.厂办公室 plant general office
    162

    Huaneng international power

    3454.生技科 production technology section 3455.安监科 safety supervision section 3456.科技科 science and technology section 3457.计划科 planning section 3458.财务科 finance section 3459.计算机开发公司 computer development company 3460.技术服务公司 thchnology service company 3461.老干部退休办公室 retired cadres administration office 3462.汽机分场 turbine department 3463.电气分场 electrical department 3464.热工分场 control and automation department 3465.化学分场 chemical department 3466.修配分场 repair and supply workshop 3467.修缮分场 repair shop 3468.通讯分场 communication department 3469.发电分场 power generation department 3470.燃料处 fuel disation 3471.部长 minister 3472.局长 department director 3473.厂长 plant direction 3474.生产副厂长 vice director in charge of production 3476.运行副总工程师 vice chief-engineer in charge of operation
    163

    3477.检修副总工程师 vice chief- engineer in charge of maintenance 3478.值长 shift chief-operator 3479.班长 group chief, team chief 3480.科长 section chief 3481.副科长 vice section chief 3482.主任 director 3483.副主任 vice director 3484.单元控制室 unit control room 3485.网络控制室 network control room 3486.计算机室 computer room 3487.安全运行天数 number of safe operation days 3488.文明生产 civilizer production 3489.司机 driver 3490.助手 assistant 3491.给水值班员 attendant of feed pump 3492.辅机值班员 attendant of auxiliary equipment 3493.岗位 post 3494.岗位专责 post responsibility

    164

    九、电厂术语——脱硫
    absorber absorber area trenches absorber bleed pump 吸收塔 吸收塔区排水沟 吸收塔排放泵 (对一级脱水系统也可称为:分 离器给料泵) absorber island absorber isolation damper absorber outlet isolation damper absorber reaction tank absorber recycle pump absorber shell absorption zone additive pump additive storage tank agitator air cooled heat exchanger air dryer ash pit auxiliary storage return pump 泵)
    165

    吸收塔岛(吸收塔子系统) 吸收塔隔离挡板 吸收塔出口隔离挡板 吸收塔反应池 吸收塔再循环泵 吸收塔壳体 吸收区 添加泵 添加贮罐 搅拌器 空冷式换热器 空气干燥器 灰坑、灰池 事故浆液返回泵(备用贮存抽空

    auxiliary storage tank backwash tank ball mill bearing lube system ball mill clutch air receiver ball mill gear lube drum belt filter bod booster fan bracer brine concentrator bucket elevator by-pass damper cake wash pump chevron vane clarfier classifier feed pump coalescing prefilter cod condensate pump condensate tank

    事故浆液储罐(备用贮罐) 反冲洗罐 球磨机轴承润滑系统 球磨机离合器空气接收器 球磨机传动装置润滑油桶 皮带过滤机 生物耗氧量 升压风机 拉条、支撑条 盐浓缩器 斗式提升机 旁路挡板 石膏饼冲洗泵 v 形叶片 澄清器 分离器给料泵 凝聚预过滤器 化学耗氧量 冷凝液泵(凝结水泵) 冷凝液罐(凝结水罐) 连续排放检测系统

    continuous emissions monitoring system control manifold

    控制总管
    166

    crusher day bin feed conveyer dewatering area sump dewatering area sump pump dewatering area trenches discharge blower ductwork dust collector fan effluent transfer pump electric signal lines electromagnetic sonic signal or light beam embedded ring emergency quench system esp expansion joint fgd bleed pump fgd bleed tank filtrate pump filtrate receiver filtrate return pump fire water system

    破碎机 日储仓给料输送机 脱水区排水坑 脱水区排水坑泵 脱水区排水沟 排放风机 烟道 除尘器风机 污水输送泵 电信号管线

    电磁超声信号或光束 预埋环 事故烟气冷却系统(急冷系统) 静电除尘器 膨胀节 烟气脱硫排放泵 烟气脱硫排放罐 滤液泵 滤液接收器 滤液返回泵 消防水系统
    167

    flyash stabilizer feed system frp gas path system gas sampling lines gas to gas heat exchanger(ggh) gravity sand filter guillotine damper gypsum dewatering island gypsum storage bunker gypsum storage silo horizontal vacuum belt filter hydraulic signal hydrocyclone classifier i.d.fan inlet duct

    飞灰稳定器给料系统 玻璃钢 烟道系统 烟气取样管线 烟气换热器 重力式沙砾过滤器 闸板式挡板 石膏脱水岛(石膏脱水子系统) 石膏储仓 石膏储仓 水平真空皮带过滤机 液压信号 水力旋流分离器 引风机 进口烟道

    instrument impulse lines and auxiliary process support lines instrument pneumatic signal lines intake filter-silencer interceptor afterfilter internal system links l/g 仪表脉冲和辅助工艺支撑管线 仪表气动信号管线 入口过滤器消音器 过滤机后阻截器 内部系统连接 液气比
    168

    level control

    液位控制

    limestone ball mill lube oil reservoir 石灰石球磨机润滑油罐 limestone day bin limestone hopper limestone mixing pump limestone mixing tank limestone pile limestone powder silo line symbol identfication local control panel LRT major process lines make-up water island make-up water tank make-up(m.u.) water pump mass balance(mb) mill product classifier mill product distributor mill recycle pump mill recycle tank mill weigh feeder minor process lines 石灰石日储仓 石灰石料斗 石灰石混合泵 石灰石混合罐 石灰石料堆 石灰石粉料仓 管线符号说明 就地控制盘 液体停留时间 主要工艺管线 补给水岛(补给水子系统) 补给水箱 补给水泵 物料平衡 磨成品分离器 磨成品分配器 磨机再循环泵 磨机再循环罐 球磨机称重给料机 次要工艺管线
    169

    mist elimination zone mist eliminator wash pump mist eliminator(me) motor stator winding opposed blade louver damper outlet cone oxidation agitetor oxidation air blower oxidation lance parallel blade louber damper PEP piston or diaphragm pump polymer feed system potable water system primary dewatering hydrocyclone process and instrumentation diagram pugmill pump gearbox reagent feed pump reagent feed tank reagent handling area sump reagent handling area sump pump

    除雾区 除雾器冲洗泵 除雾器 电动机定子绕组 反向叶片百叶窗式挡板 出口锥段 氧化搅拌器 氧化风机 氧化风枪 平行叶片百叶窗式挡板 性能加强环 活塞泵或隔膜泵 聚合物给料系统 饮用水系统 一次脱水水力旋流分离器 工艺和仪表图 搅拌机 泵变速箱 吸收剂给料泵 吸收剂给料罐 吸收剂处理区排水坑 吸收剂处理区排水池泵
    170

    reagent preparation area trenches reagent preparation area sump reagent reclaim conveyer reclaim water pump reclaim water system reclaim water tank recycle pump recycle spray pump rotary vacuum drum filter scraper scrubber seal air fan seal water separator seal water system seal/vent air lines

    吸收剂处理区排水沟 吸收剂处理区排水坑 吸收剂回收输送机 回收水泵 回收水系统 回收水储罐 再循环泵 再循环喷淋泵 旋转式真空筒过滤机 刮板器 洗涤器 密封空气风机 密封水分离器 密封水系统 密封/通风管线

    secondary dewatering hydrocyclone 二次脱水水力旋流分离器 service air compressor system service air receiver silencer single louver damper(butterfly) slurry preparation island slurry vat 供风压缩机系统 供风接收器 消音器 单百叶窗式挡板(蝶式) 浆液制备岛(浆液制备子系统) 浆液筒
    171

    splitter box spray branch spray header spray level spray nozzle spray zone SRT stack stiffener sulfuric acid pump sulfuric acid tank sump pump support transfer conveyor transition cone turning vane underflow pump vacuum pump vibrating bin discharger wall ring wash grids wash header

    分流箱 喷淋支管 喷淋集管 喷淋层 喷嘴、喷淋嘴 喷淋区 固体停留时间 烟囱 加强筋、加强板 硫磺酸泵 硫磺酸罐 排水坑泵 支承 输送装置 过渡区 导流叶片 底流泵 真空泵 振动卸料装置 性能加强环 冲洗管网 冲洗集管
    172

    wash nozzle washdown water system water cooled heat exchanger wet ball mill wfgd system

    冲洗管嘴 清洗水系统 水冷式换热器 湿式球磨机 湿法烟气脱硫系统

    173


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